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Table 3 Probabilities of PST and MT having effects on the analyzed variables

From: Differential and shared effects of psychological skills training and mindfulness training on performance-relevant psychological factors in sport: a randomized controlled trial

Concept Measurement Subscale(s) Probabilities
Mindfulness FFMQ-SF Acting with awareness MT > WL = 57%; PST > WL = 41%; MT > PST = 66%
Nonjudging of inner experience MT > WL = 98%; PST > WL = 43%; MT > PST = 98%
Nonreactivity to inner experience MT > WL = 98%; PST > WL = 81%; MT > PST = 92%
Use of psychological skills TOPS Self-talk MT > WL = 58%; PST > WL = 95%; PST > MT = 91%
Imagery MT > WL = 76%; PST > WL = 98%; PST > MT = 87%
Goal setting MT > WL = 95%; PST > WL = 99%; PST > MT = 68%
Activation MT > WL = 100%; PST > WL = 100%; PST > MT = 96%
Relaxation MT > WL = 100%; PST > WL = 100%; PST > MT = 96%
Techniques to handle emotions MT > WL = 100%; PST > WL = 100%; PST > MT = 38%
Techniques to regulate attention MT > WL = 75%; PST > WL = 100%; PST > MT = 96%
Emotion regulation TOPS Emotional control MT > WL = 99%; PST > WL = 99%; MT > PST = 63%
Experiential avoidancea AAQ-II MT > WL = 96%; PST > WL = 65%; MT > PST = 92%
Emotional competencies SEC-27 Acceptance of emotions MT > WL = 100%; PST > WL = 96%; MT > PST = 88%
Attentional regulation TOPS Attention control MT > WL = 89%; PST > WL = 91%; MT > PST = 46%
Cognitive interferencea TOQS Thoughts of escape MT > WL = 78%; PST > WL = 38%; MT > PST = 84%
Situation-irrelevant thoughts MT > WL = 18%; PST > WL = 17%; MT > PST = 49%
Performance worries MT > WL = 95%; PST > WL = 88%; MT > PST = 71%
TOPS Negative cognitions MT > WL = 100%; PST > WL = 100%; MT > PST = 58%
Decentering EQ Distanced perspective MT > WL = 100%; PST > WL = 74%; MT > PST > 98%
Dealing with failures ASOAF6 Action orientation MT > WL = 82%; PST > WL = 89%; MT > PST = 41%
State orientationa MT > WL = 84%; PST > WL = 71%; MT > PST = 64%
  1. Note. MT Mindfulness intervention, PST Psychological skills training intervention, WL Wait-list control group, FFMQ-SF Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire short form, TOPS Test of Performance Strategies, AAQ-II Acceptance and Action Questionnaire, SEC-27 Self-assessment of Emotional Competencies, TOQS Thought Occurrence Questionnaire for Sport, EQ Experience Questionnaire, ASOAF6 Action and State Orientation after Failure; probabilities of 95% or higher are highlighted in bold, a = we expected these concepts to decrease trough MT and/or PST, the probability indicates accordingly whether there has been a reduction in comparison between the groups