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Table 1 Descriptive results, K10 scores, and scores on the Mental Health Continuum

From: Self-reflection and screening mental health on Canadian campuses: validation of the mental health continuum model

  University A
(N = 554)
University B
(N = 3188)
University C
(N = 464)
Total (All Combined)
(N = 4206)
Gender
 Male 177 (32.1%) 953 (29.9%) 78 (16.8%) 1208 (28.8%)
 Female 371 (67.2%) 2195 (69.0%) 385 (83.2%) 2951 (70.3%)
 Other 4 (0.7%) 35 (1.1%) 39 (0.9%)
Year
 1st 119 (21.5%) 695 (21.8%) 138 (29.7%) 952 (22.7%)
 2nd 136 (24.5%) 610 (19.1%) 104 (22.4%) 850 (20.2%)
 3rd 153 (27.6%) 701 (22.0%) 95 (20.5%) 949 (22.6%)
 4th 100 (18.1%) 652 (20.5%) 76 (16.4%) 828 (19.7%)
 5th and up 46 (8.3%) 526 (16.5%) 51 (11.0%) 623 (14.8%)
K10
 Well 324 (58.5%) 1350 (42.3%) 245 (52.8%) 1919 (45.6%)
 Mild mental disorder 97 (17.5%) 673 (21.1%) 93 (20.0%) 863 (20.5%)
 Moderate mental disorder 51 (9.2%) 503 (15.8%) 63 (13.6%) 617 (14.7%)
 Severe mental disorder 82 (14.8%) 662 (20.8%) 63 (13.6%) 807 (19.2%)
Mental Health Continuum: mean item score (SD)
 1. Mood 1.57 (0.81) 1.73 (0.81) 1.51 (0.71) 1.69 (0.81)
 2. Attitude & performance 1.56 (0.69) 1.77 (0.70) 1.59 (0.64) 1.72 (0.70)
 3. Sleep 1.70 (1.00) 1.89 (1.10) 1.74 (1.03) 1.85 (1.09)
 4. Physical symptoms 1.67 (0.80) 1.86 (0.84) 1.70 (0.74) 1.81 (0.82)
 5. Social behaviours 1.56 (0.72) 1.68 (0.73) 1.47 (0.63) 1.64 (0.73)
 6. Alcohol & gambling 1.37 (0.59) 1.30 (0.56) 1.25 (0.49) 1.30 (0.55)
  1. Note. K10 score: less than 20 – well; 20–24 – mild mental disorder; 25–29 – moderate mental disorder; 30 and above – severe mental disorder
  2. MHC score: 1 – healthy mental health; 4 – ill mental health