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Table 7 Comparison with the participant characteristics for four scales of PWBS-42 in Japanese (One-way ANOVA) (N = 1027)

From: Japanese version of the 42-item psychological well-being scale (PWBS-42): a validation study

  Autonomy Environmental Mastery Personal growth
Category (N) Mean (SD) F p Mean (SD) F p Mean (SD) F p
Sex   12.86 < 0.001   3.15 0.076   6.52 0.011
Male (505) 31.2(5.3)    31.4(5.8)    33.3(5.6)   
Female (522) 30.1(5.2)    32.0(5.0)    34.2(5.6)   
Age   4.02 0.003   4.03 0.003   6.66 < 0.001
30–39 (200) 29.5(5.9)    30.6(5.3)    34.5(5.9)   
40–49 (215) 30.4(5.7)    31.5(5.4)    34.7(5.5)   
50–59 (206) 30.8(5.4)    32.5(6.0)    34.3(5.8)   
60–69 (200) 31.2(4.9)    32.2(5.5)    33.1(5.6)   
70 (206) 31.3(4.4)    31.6(4.5)    32.4(5.0)   
Marital status   0.53 0.586   11.25 < 0.001   8.26 < 0.001
Married (710) 30.7(5.3)    32.2(5.4)    34.2(5.5)   
Divorced/Widowed (149) 30.6(4.7)    31.3(5.3)    33.1(5.8)   
Single (166) 30.2(6.0)    30.0(5.3)    32.4(5.9)   
Working status   1.87 0.171   0.20 0.656   15.39 < 0.001
Have a paid job (735) 30.8(5.5)    31.8(5.6)    34.2(5.8)   
No paid job (289) 30.3(4.9)    31.6(5.0)    32.7(5.1)   
  Positive relationship with others Purpose in life Self-acceptance
Category (N) Mean (SD) F p Mean (SD) F p Mean (SD) F P
Sex   30.12 < 0.001   0.75 0.387   2.87 0.091
Male (505) 32.5(6.0)    31.6(5.2)    30.5(5.7)   
Female (522) 34.5(5.3)    31.9(4.8)    31.1(5.7)   
Age   0.912 0.456   2.66 0.032   1.47 0.209
30–39 (200) 33.4(6.1)    32.2(5.5)    30.3(6.3)   
40–49 (215) 33.5(6.2)    31.9(5.1)    31.1(6.2)   
50–59 (206) 34.1(5.6)    32.4(5.1)    31.5(5.9)   
60–69 (200) 33.5(5.3)    31.3(5.1)    30.4(5.1)   
70 (206) 33.0(5.4)    31.1(4.3)    30.7(4.7)   
Marital status   15.56 < 0.001   12.61 < 0.001   21.28 < 0.001
Married (710) 34.1(5.4)    32.2(5.0)    31.5(5.5)   
Divorced/Widowed (149) 32.9(5.5)    31.5(5.0)    29.9(6.2)   
Single(166) 31.5(6.6)    30.1(4.9)    28.6(5.4)   
Working status   0.11 0.745   8.85 0.003   1.06 0.304
Have a paid job (735) 33.6(5.9)    32.1(5.1)    31.0(5.9)   
No paid job (289) 33.4(5.2)    31.0(4.8)    30.5(5.1)   
  1. SD standard deviation