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Table 3 Unadjusted analysis for factors associated with internet addiction (N = 500)

From: Internet addiction and associated factors among medical and allied health sciences students in northern Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Variables n Addicted
Yes (%)
CPRa (95%CI) P-value
Age (years)
 ≤ 24 365 116 (31.8) 1.10 (0.77, 1.58) 0.61
 > 24 135 39 (28.9) 1.00  
Sex
 Male 292 100 (34.2) 1.00  
 Female 208 55 (26.4) 0.77 (0.56, 1.07) 0.12
Year of study
 Year 2 144 41 (28.5) 1.00  
 Year 3 216 75 (34.7) 1.22 (0.83, 1.78) 0.31
 Year 4 87 20 (23.0) 0.81 (0.47, 1.38) 0.43
 Year 5 53 19 (35.8) 1.26 (0.73, 2.17) 0.41
Marital status
 In union 31 7 (22.6) 0.72 (0.34, 1.53) 0.39
 Not in union 469 148 (31.6) 1.00  
Residence
 On-campus 54 18 (33.3) 1.00  
 Off-campus 446 137 (30.7) 0.92 (0.56, 1.51) 0.74
Source of fund
 Family/personal 39 9 (23.1) 1.00  
 HESLB/Sponsor 461 146 (31.7) 1.37 (0.70, 2.69) 0.36
Gadget for internet use
 College computers 8 1 (12.5) 0.43 (0.06, 3.13) 0.40
 Personal device 351 113 (32.2) 1.11 (0.77, 1.58) 0.58
 Mixed 141 41 (29.1) 1.00  
Method of internet access
 College Wi-Fi alone 16 2 (12.5) 0.43 (0.11, 1.74) 0.24
 Mobile data/personal hotspot 230 79 (34.3) 1.18 (0.86, 1.62) 0.31
 All the above 254 74 (29.1) 1.00  
Commonplace of internet use
 Hostel/home 133 39 (29.3) 0.82 (0.57, 1.19) 0.29
 College 70 10 (14.3) 0.40 (0.21, 0.77) 0.01
 Both hostel/home and college 297 106 (35.7) 1.00  
Amount (Tshs) spent using mobile data in a day
 ≤ 500 282 85 (30.1) 1.00  
 > 500 218 70 (32.1) 1.07 (0.78, 1.46) 0.70
Time (hours) spent using the internet per day
 < 5 224 44 (19.6) 1.00  
 ≥ 5 276 111 (40.2) 2.05 (1.44, 2.90) < 0.001
Primary purpose for internet use
 Academic 282 67 (23.8)   
 Social networking 155 69 (44.5) 1.87 (1.34, 2.62) < 0.001
 Internet surfing 63 19 (30.2) 1.27 (0.76, 2.11) 0.36
  1. a Crude prevalence ratio