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Table 1 Between-groups differences for demographic data, clinical information and empathy measures

From: Discrepancies between explicit and implicit evaluation of aesthetic perception ability in individuals with autism: a potential way to improve social functioning

  ASD (N = 10)
Mean (SD)
TD (N = 10)
Mean (SD)
t (df = 1, 19) P
Chronological age (in years) 20.70(4.64) 20.17 (0.98) 0.27 0.78
Clinical information
 ADOS-social communication and social interaction 10.00 (4.25)
 ADOS- Repetitive and Stereotyped Behaviours 1.20 (1.13)
 ADOS Total scores 11.90 (3.81)
 QIV 98.00 (23.27) 103.40 (19.72) −0.549 0.590
 QIP 95.00 (13.50) 95.60 (12.34) −0.104 0.919
 QIT 96.40 (15.23) 97.40 (13.03) −0.158 0.876
Empathy measures
Advanced Theory of Mind task 7.60 (3.37) 12.67 (0.51) −3.60 0.003
Eyes-task 17.90 (3.84) 28.50 (3.01) −5.75 0.0001
Basic Empathy Scale
  Affective Empathy sub-scale 33.30 (6.76) 42.00 (3.68) −2.87 0.012
  Cognitive Empathy sub-scale 28.40 (5.40) 40.67 (3.44) −4.45 0.0001
Empathy Quotient
  Cognitive empathy sub-scale 8.30 (1.88) 16.33 (3.20) −6.37 0.0001
  Social skill sub-scale 4.00 (0.81) 10.83 (1.32) −12.85 0.0001
  Emotional empathy sub-scale 9.40 (3.59) 16.66 (3.26) −4.04 0.001
  1. Significant comparisons are highlighted in bold