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Table 5 Results of the longitudinal ordinal regression analyses evaluating associations of contextual factors and indicators of health status with overall self-sufficiency (n = 200)

From: Young adults’ self-sufficiency in daily life: the relationship with contextual factors and health indicators

  Univariable model of self-sufficiencya Multivariable model of self-sufficiencyb
OR (95%CI)* OR (95%CI)*
Contextual factors
Socio-demographics and context
  Age (in years) 0.80 (0.69; 0.93) 0.96 (0.78; 1.18)
  Gender
   Male Ref. Ref.
   Female 0.73 (0.38; 1.38) 1.09 (0.48; 2.49)
  Intermediate vocational educationc
   Level 1–3 Ref. Ref.
   Level 4 0.78 (0.39; 1.57) 1.23 (0.52; 2.92)
  Ethnic background
   Dutch Ref. Ref.
   Non-Dutch 0.95 (0.49; 1.86) 0.80 (0.34; 1.87)
  Living situation
   With caretaker Ref. Ref.
   Not with caretaker 0.21 (0.07; 0.61) 0.25 (0.05; 1.36)
  Perceived school performance
    > Average Ref. Ref.
    ≤ Average 0.59 (0.32; 1.08) 0.88 (0.43; 1.83)
Risk behaviors
  Current smoking
   No Ref. Ref.
   Yes 0.53 (0.28; 1.01) 0.90 (0.39; 2.07)
  Binge drinkingd
   0 times/4 weeks  Ref.  Ref.
    ≥ 1 time/4 weeks 0.71 (0.41; 1.24) 0.67 (0.34; 1.35)
  Cannabis use
   0 times/4 weeks Ref. Ref.
    ≥ 1 time/4 weeks 0.25 (0.10; 0.60) 0.59 (0.18; 1.93)
  Criminal behavior
   0 times/year Ref. Ref.
    ≥ 1 time/year 0.50 (0.16; 1.62) 0.86 (0.21; 3.57)
  Truancy
   0 h Ref. Ref.
   1–5 h 1.10 (0.60; 2.02) 1.66 (0.77; 3.57)
    ≥ 6 h 0.36 (0.10; 1.26) 0.67 (0.14; 3.10)
Indicators of health status
 Sickness absence (days/ 8 weeks) 0.93 (0.89; 0.98) 0.98 (0.93; 1.04)
 Depressive symptoms (CES-D scale) 0.90 (0.87; 0.93) 0.90 (0.86; 0.93)
  1. Note: Self-sufficiency was entered as an ordinal variable ranging from self-sufficient on all life-domains, self-sufficient on ten life-domains, self-sufficient on nine life-domains and self-sufficient on eight or less life-domains. Odds ratios represent the odds for a participant to be allocated within a higher self-sufficiency category if they would have scored one point higher on the predictor variable. Bold numbers indicate a statistically significant (p < 0.05) association
  2. *Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) from ordinal regression analyses
  3. a The predictor variables were entered separately in the univariable model
  4. b The predictor variables were entered simultaneously in the multivariable model
  5. c Intermediate vocational education consists of four levels: 1 = assistant training; 2 = basic vocational training; 3 = vocational training; 4 = middle-management training
  6. d Binge drinking was defined as consuming five or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion