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Table 4 Results of the logistic regression analyses evaluating associations of contextual factors and indicators of health status with separate self-sufficiency life-domains (n=755)

From: Young adults’ self-sufficiency in daily life: the relationship with contextual factors and health indicators

  Finances Daytime activities Housing Domestic relations Mental health Physical health
OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)*
Contextual factors
Socio-demographics and context
  Age (in years) 0.84 (0.75; 0.94) 0.96 (0.85; 1.09) 1.07 (0.89; 1.28) 0.98 (0.86; 1.12) 0.91 (0.79; 1.05) 0.92 (0.82; 1.03)
  Gender (female) 1.05 (0.63; 1.74) 1.17 (0.69; 2.00) 1.15 (0.52; 2.52) 0.83 (0.45; 1.51) 0.73 (0.40; 1.34) 0.81 (0.48; 1.34)
  Intermediate vocational education (level 4)a 0.78 (0.46; 1.34) 0.84 (0.49; 1.46) 1.03 (0.44; 2.40) 0.59 (0.32; 1.10) 0.57 (0.31; 1.06) 1.31 (0.80; 2.15)
  Ethnic background (non-Dutch) 0.82 (0.50; 1.32) 0.83 (0.50; 1.38) 0.47 (0.23; 0.98) 0.62 (0.36; 1.07) 1.72 (0.98; 3.01) 1.33 (0.83; 2.13)
  Living situation (not with caretaker) 0.49 (0.25; 0.96) 0.97 (0.45; 2.06) 0.25 (0.10; 0.65) 0.59 (0.27; 1.27) 1.50 (0.62; 3.65) 0.68 (0.34; 1.37)
  Perceived school performance (≤ average) 0.86 (0.54; 1.39) 0.37 (0.23; 0.59) 0.73 (0.36; 1.49) 0.75 (0.44; 1.26) 0.72 (0.41; 1.25) 1.02 (0.64; 1.63)
Risk behaviors
  Current smoking (yes) 0.49 (0.29; 0.84) 0.91 (0.52; 1.60) 0.59 (0.25; 1.40) 0.45 (0.24; 0.83) 1.60 (0.85; 3.02) 0.81 (0.47; 1.37)
  Binge drinkingb (≥ 1 time/4 weeks) 0.71 (0.43; 1.17) 0.53 (0.32; 0.90) 0.75 (0.34; 1.65) 0.96 (0.54; 1.69) 0.69 (0.39; 1.22) 1.11 (0.69; 1.78)
  Cannabis use (≥ 1 time/4 weeks) 0.58 (0.33; 1.04) 0.73 (0.39; 1.38) 0.69 (0.28; 1.67) 0.88 (0.45; 1.72) 0.66 (0.31; 1.38) 0.71 (0.38; 1.32)
  Criminal behavior (≥ 1 time/6 months) 0.69 (0.38; 1.25) 1.76 (0.88; 3.54) 2.09 (0.71; 6.18) 0.85 (0.43; 1.69) 1.16 (0.56; 2.42) 1.44 (0.75; 2.75)
  Truancy
   0 hours Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
   1-5 hours 1.00 (0.61; 1.64) 0.75 (0.45; 1.25) 0.74 (0.34; 1.62) 0.77 (0.45; 1.33) 0.73 (0.42; 1.26) 1.57 (0.96; 2.56)
   ≥ 6 hours 0.70 (0.36; 1.36) 0.57 (0.28; 1.15) 1.21 (0.41; 3.63) 1.37 (0.61; 3.08) 0.69 (0.30; 1.59) 1.93 (0.93; 4.02)
Indicators of health status
 Sickness absence (days/8 weeks) 1.02 (0.98; 1.05) 0.92 (0.88; 0.95) 0.96 (0.93; 1.00) 1.00 (0.97; 1.04) 0.96 (0.91; 1.01) 0.92 (0.88; 0.95)
 Depressive symptoms (CES-D scale) 0.96 (0.94; 0.98) 0.94 (0.92; 0.96) 0.93 (0.90; 0.96) 0.91 (0.89; 0.94) 0.81 (0.78; 0.84) 0.95 (0.93; 0.97)
  Addiction Activities daily life Social network Community participation Judicial Total number of significant life-domains
OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)* OR (95% CI)* n life-domains
Contextual factors
Socio-demographics and context
  Age (in years) 1.11 (0.93; 1.33) 0.87 (0.72; 1.06) 0.96 (0.81; 1.13) 0.98 (0.87; 1.11) 1.23 (0.81; 1.86) 1
  Gender (female) 2.71 (1.34; 5.50) 1.46 (0.58; 3.70) 1.40 (0.67; 2.91) 0.92 (0.53; 1.59) 7.61 (1.20; 48.18) 2
  Intermediate vocational education (level 4)a 0.77 (0.35; 1.68) 1.55 (0.60; 4.03) 1.88 (0.90; 3.95) 0.45 (0.25; 0.82) 1.14 (0.21; 6.14) 1
  Ethnic background (non-Dutch) 0.63 (0.32; 1.27) 1.12 (0.47; 2.69) 0.55 (0.28; 1.09) 0.66 (0.40; 1.09) 0.77 (0.15; 4.06) 1
  Living situation (not with caretaker) 0.40 (0.16; 1.00) 0.81 (0.27; 2.46) 0.54 (0.21; 1.35) 0.71 (0.34; 1.47) 0.34 (0.03; 3.41) 2
  Perceived school performance (≤ average) 0.75 (0.38; 1.45) 1.25 (0.54; 2.88) 0.77 (0.41; 1.46) 0.69 (0.43; 1.12) 1.18 (0.25; 5.56) 1
Risk behaviors
  Current smoking (yes) 0.52 (0.24; 1.14) 1.14 (0.41; 3.17) 0.81 (0.36; 1.84) 1.32 (0.73; 2.40) 1.79 (0.23; 13.72) 2
  Binge drinkingb (≥ 1 time/4 weeks) 0.50 (0.23; 1.08) 0.73 (0.31; 1.76) 1.81 (0.88; 3.73) 0.76 (0.46; 1.28) 1.05 (0.17; 6.37) 1
  Cannabis use (≥ 1 time/4 weeks) 0.59 (0.27; 1.28) 0.63 (0.22; 1.81) 0.78 (0.32; 1.94) 0.82 (0.42; 1.58) 0.78 (0.13; 4.68) 0
  Criminal behavior (≥ 1 time/year) 1.03 (0.45; 2.37) 2.26 (0.56; 9.10) 3.92 (1.22; 12.64) 0.93 (0.47; 1.83) 0.06 (0.01; 0.32) 2
  Truancy
   0 hours Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.  
   1-5 hours 0.72 (0.35; 1.49) 0.66 (0.27; 1.64) 0.68 (0.33; 1.40) 0.66 (0.40; 1.08) 0.87 (0.17; 4.30) 0
   ≥ 6 hours 0.93 (0.36; 2.40) 0.86 (0.26; 2.80) 0.47 (0.18; 1.24) 1.25 (0.58; 2.71) 3.69 (0.22; 60.80) 0
Indicators of health status
 Sickness absence (days/8 weeks) 0.98 (0.94; 1.02) 0.99 (0.94; 1.03) 0.95 (0.92; 0.99) 1.00 (0.97; 1.03) 1.28 (0.98; 1.67) 3
 Depressive symptoms (CES-D scale) 0.94 (0.92; 0.97) 0.89 (0.86; 0.93) 0.89 (0.87; 0.92) 0.93 (0.91; 0.95) 0.96 (0.90; 1.03) 10
  1. *Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) from logistic regression analyses. The full models are presented. All variables were entered simultaneously to analyze the independent association of each variable with self-sufficiency. Note: bold numbers indicate a statistically significant (p<0.05) association
  2. a Intermediate vocational education consists of four levels: 1=assistant training; 2=basic vocational training; 3=vocational training; 4=middle-management training
  3. b Binge drinking was defined as consuming five or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion