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Table 3 Measurement invariance of model 2 among gender groups for the Japanese AELS

From: Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the active-emphatic listening scale

 χ2dfCFIΔdfΔχ2ΔCFI
Configural model188.716***80.930   
Metric invariance model192.764***91.9341110.25−.004
Scalar invariance model270.872***102.89111112.39***.043
  1. CFI Comparative fit index
  2. Δχ2 was calculated using Satorra-Bentler chi-square test
  3. ***p < .001