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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the Japanese AELS items

From: Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the active-emphatic listening scale

 Mean (SD)SkewnessKurtosisItem 1Item 2Item 3Item 4Item 5Item 6Item 7Item 8Item 9Item10Item11
Item 14.25 (1.70)−0.05− 0.97.37***.12***.38***.22***.21***.20***.19***.24***.22***.14***
Item 24.47 (1.53)−0.22−0.69 .32***.36***.30***.29***.32***.25***.34***.30***.20***
Item 34.72 (1.32)−0.500.01  .29***.33***.23***.29***.33***.36***.33***.28***
Item 44.23 (1.48)−0.10−0.61   .29***.34***.40***.28***.35***.32***.33***
Item 54.04 (1.47)0.05−0.74    .29***.31***.30***.37***.36***.27***
Item 63.91 (1.50)0.04−0.71     .42***.16***.35***.33***.14***
Item 74.79 (1.39)−0.43−0.41      .27***.43***.30***.31***
Item 85.66 (1.34)−1.201.29       .27***.28***.62***
Item 94.07 (1.40)−0.00−0.69        .41***.26***
Item 104.48 (1.49)−0.27−0.60         .25***
Item 115.70 (1.35)−1.241.27          
Sensing17.67 (4.20)−0.160.05.71***.74***.58***.73***.41***.38***.43***.37***.46***.41***.33***
Processing12.73 (3.26)−0.12−0.22.28***.41***.38***.46***.72***.77***.76***.33***.51***.44***.32***
Responding19.90 (3.98)−0.711.02.28***.38***.46***.45***.46***.35***.46***.74***.68***.70***.73***
AELS50.30 (9.60)−0.440.78.52***.62***.57***.66***.61***.57***.64***.58***.66***.62***.56***
  1. All items n = 728, except for Item 3 (n = 727)
  2. ***p < .001