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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of categorical variables associated with loneliness

From: Social media use disorder and loneliness: any association between the two? Results of a cross-sectional study among Lebanese adults

  Loneliness score p-value
Mean ± SD
Gender
 Male 1.30 ± 1.45 0.005
 Female 1.75 ± 1.68
Monthly income
  < 1000 $ 1.80 ± 1.71 0.001
 1000–2000 $ 1.42 ± 1.55
  > 2000 $ 0.88 ± 1.21
Education level
 Illiterate/ primary / complementary 1.60 ± 1.66 0.004
 Secondary 2.08 ± 2.07
 University 1.41 ± 1.42
  1. Variables showing significant associations with the loneliness score are showing in the table; Post hoc analysis: education level (secondary vs university p = 0.002); monthly income (< 1000 USD vs > 2000 USD p = 0.002)