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Table 3 Associations between sociodemographic, clinical, self-concept variables, and outcome variables (change) after completing BEL and at six-month follow-up

From: Predictors of clinically important improvements in occupational and quality of life outcomes among mental health service users after completion and follow-up of a lifestyle intervention: multiple regression modelling based on longitudinal data

VariablesOcc.eng.aOccupational balanceQOL
  Activity levelWorkLeisureHomeSelf-careGeneral balance 
Age
 BEL endNSp = .020
rs = −.234
NSNSNSNSNSp = .031
rs = .217
 Follow-upNSp = .013
rs = −.257
NSNSNSNSNSNS
Sex
 BEL endp = .069NSNSNSNSp = .082NSNS
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
Marital status
 BEL endNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
 Follow-upNSNSp = .026NSNSNSNSNS
Living situation
 BEL endNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
Education
 BEL endNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSp = .089NS
Having children
 BEL endp = .010p = .035NSNSNSNSNSNS
 Follow-upNSp = .005NSNSNSNSNSNS
Having friend
 BEL endNSNSNSp = .001NSNSNSp = .012
 Follow-upNSNSNSp = .004NSNSp = .007NS
Having seen friend
 BEL endNSNSNSp = .016NSNSNSp = .037
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSp = .043NSNSNS
Self-esteem
 BEL endNSNSNSNSp = .072
rs = −.182
NSNSp = .074
rs = .180
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSNSp = .012
rs = .264
Self-mastery
 BEL endNSNSNSp = .020
rs = −.234
NSNSNSNS
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
GAF-S b
 BEL endNSNSNSNSNSNSNSp = .019
rs = .235
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSNSp = .016
rs = .253
GAF-F c
 BEL endNSNSNSNSNSNSp = .096rs = −.170p = .009
rs = .261
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSp = .007
rs = −.231
p = .029
rs = .231
Mood disorder/other
 BEL endp = .059NSNSNSNSNSNSp = .062
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
Settingd
 BEL endNSNSNSNSNSNSNSp = .081
 Follow-upNSNSNSNSNSNSNSNS
  1. aOccupational engagement. bSymptom severity. cLevel of functioning. dOut-patient psychiatry or community-based day centres. Internal attrition in a number of subjects occurred on the variables, between 3 and 52 and at Time = 1 and between 40 and 42 at Time = 2