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Table 3 Frequency and course of mood symptoms

From: Effects of a life-skills-based prevention program on self-esteem and risk behaviors in adolescents: a pilot study

In the last 2 weeksPapillagou group (n = 317)Control group (n = 96) 
Frequency at the first assessment ± 95% CIPercentage of children who reported feeling better at the second assessmentFrequency at the first assessment ± 95% CIPercentage of children who reported feeling better at the second assessmentStatistical valuep-valueEffect size Cramér’s V
Having trouble falling asleep at night24.61% ± 4.74 (n = 78)51.28%27.08% ± 8.89 (n = 26)42.31%X2 (1) = .628.428.078
Waking up at night21.14% ± 4.49 (n = 67)59.70%25% ± 8.66 (n = 24)20.83%X2 (1) = 10.679.001***.343
Reproaching themselves about something14.20% ± 3.84 (n = 45)68.89%16.67% ± 7.46 (n = 16)43.75%X2 (1) = 3.176.075.228
Feeling lethargic14.20% ± 3.84 (n = 45)53.33%8.33% ± 5.53 (n = 8)75.00%Fisher exact.441.157
Being generally worried10.09% ± 3.32 (n = 32)53.13%10.42% ± 6.11 (n = 10)60.00%Fisher exact1.000.059
Feeling depressed7.26% ± 2.86 (n = 23)69.57%4.17% ± 3.98 (n = 4)0.00%Fisher exact.019*.503
Feeling hopelessness about the future10.73% ± 3.41 (n = 34)73.53%7.29% ± 5.20 (n = 7)28.57%Fisher exact.035*.357
Feeling sad7.57% ± 2.91 (n = 24)66.67%3.13% ± 3.48 (n = 3)0.00%Fisher exact.056.426
  1. Legends. CI Confidence Interval. Bolded values indicate p < .05
  2. * p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01; *** p ≤ .001