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Table 2 Effect of the program on self-esteem

From: Effects of a life-skills-based prevention program on self-esteem and risk behaviors in adolescents: a pilot study

Self-esteem scoresFirst SessionSecond Session 
Papillagou groupControl groupPapillagou groupControl groupWilks’Lambdap-valueEffect size
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)F(1,411) ηρ2
Emotional self44.43 (6.95)43.46 (7.30)44.46 (6.94)42.32 (7.76)2.73p = .099.007
Social self45.01 (5.83)44.92 (5.52)44.34 (6.08)43.44 (6.91)1.26p = .263.003
Scholarly self41.83 (8.65)40.63 (9.27)42.29 (8.66)39.69 (8.56)3.54p = .061.009
Physical self44.61 (7.80)44.36 (9.39)45.41 (7.89)42.44 (8.89)14.11p < .001***.033
Future self42.44 (4.84)41.92 (6.28)42.35 (5.07)41.29 (6.30)0.73p = .393.002
  1. Legends. Means and Standard deviations are reported for each group. Bolded values indicate p ≤ .05
  2. * p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01; *** p ≤ .001