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Table 3 Coding of constructs

From: Validation of a brief mental health screening tool for pregnant women in a low socio-economic setting

 In scope interpretationsExamples of in scope interpretationsOut of scope interpretationsExamples of out of scope interpretations
Phase 1
4-week time recallIdentifies the recall period as 4 weeks• The last 4 weeks
• Within this month
• 4 weeks ago
Refers to an event or a time period that is longer or shorter than the 4 weeks• The past 6 months
• Since I found out I was pregnant
• The last 2 weeks
• The week before the concert
• Last week
‘often (on some or most days)’Expresses the feeling occurring on some or most days• Everyday
• On most days
• Most of the time
• A lot
Expresses the feeling occurring infrequently/occasionally• Twice
• The weekend
• Sometimes
‘felt unable to stop worrying or thinking too much’Describes the feeling using other phrases or synonyms• Thinking too much
• Cannot stop or relax
• Stressed
Describes the feeling using out of scope phrases or synonyms• Lazy
• To be scared
‘felt down, depressed or hopeless’Describes the feeling using other phrases or synonyms• Sad
• Stressed
• Emotional
• You just feel stuck
Describes the feeling using out of scope phrases or synonyms• Aggressive
• Frustrated
‘felt little interest or pleasure in doing things you used to enjoy before’Describes the feeling using other phrases or synonyms• No lust for life
• Feeling hopeless
• Moody
• Irritable
Describes the feeling using out of scope phrases or synonyms• Tired
• Drained
• Lazy
‘had thoughts and plans to harm yourself or commit suicide’Describes the feeling using other phrases or synonyms• Kill yourself
• Hurt the baby
• Don’t want to live anymore
Describes the feeling using out of scope phrases or synonyms or had thoughts but had not made plansNo out of scope interpretations
Phase 2
2-week time recallIdentifies the recall period as 2 weeks• This week and last week
• In the last 2 weeks
• Between 1 and 2 weeks
Refers to an event or a time period that is longer or shorter than the 2 weeks• 3 weeks ago
• The start of my pregnancy – about 5 months ago
• In the last week
• When my mom was ill
‘on some or most days’Expresses the feeling occurring on some or most days• Everyday
• A few times per week
• Many times
Expresses the feeling occurring infrequently/ occasionally• Once - on Wednesday
• Twice
• The weekend
• 4 times
‘felt unable to stop worrying or thinking too much’Describes the feeling using other phrases or synonyms• To over think
• Your mind works overtime
• Anxious
• Stressed
Describes the feeling using out of scope phrases or synonyms• Sad
• Unhappy
‘felt down, depressed or hopeless’Describes the feeling using other phrases or synonyms• Feels like no one cares
• Your world is falling apart
• No hope
• You want to be all by yourself
Describes the feeling using out of scope phrases or synonyms• Feel like hurting yourself
• Constantly worrying
• Not being able to cope
‘Been concerned/ troubled about having little interest or pleasure in doing things’Describes the feeling using other phrases or synonyms• It is an effort to do anything
• Want to be alone
• Feeling pressed down
Describes the feeling using out of scope phrases or synonyms• Lazy
• Tired
• Fatigue
‘had thoughts and plans to harm yourself or commit suicide’Describes the feeling using other phrases or synonyms• Take your own life
• Hurt yourself
• Kill yourself
• Harm your baby
Describes the feeling using out of scope phrases or synonyms or had thoughts but had not made plansNo out of scope interpretations