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Table 5 Clinical variables of the 446 patients and differences between girls and boys

From: A Sociodemographic variables questionnaire (Q-SV) for research on family caregivers of children with chronic disease

VariableGirls(n = 214)Boys(n = 232)TotalTest statisticp- value
DiagnosisOncologic disease171 (79.9%)159 (68.5%)330 (74%)χ2 = 14.290.1600.145*
CHD14 (6.5%)17 (7.3%)31 (7%)
Nephrotic syndrome6 (2.8%)15 (6.5%)21 (4.7%)
ESRD8 (3.7%)10 (4.3%)18 (4%)
Asthma6 (2.8%)7 (3%)13 (2.9%)
Tricuspid atresia3 (1.4%)9 (3.9%)12 (2.7%)
Down syndrome1 (0.5%)8 (3.4%)9 (2%)
Tetralogy of Fallot1 (0.5%)3 (1.3%)4 (0.9%)
HIV/AIDS2 (0.9%)1 (0.4%)3 (0.7%)
Organ transplant1 (0.5%)2 (0.9%)3 (0.7%)
Cystic fibrosis1 (0.5%)1 (0.4%)2 (0.4%)
Hospitalization
time
≤ 1 w131 (61.2%)147 (63.4%)278 (62.3%)ZU = -0.980.328
>  1 w & ≤ 1 m43 (20.1%)55 (23.7%)98 (22%)
>  1 m & ≤ 6 m16 (7.5%)20 (8.6%)36 (8.1%)
>  6 m & < 1 y7 (3.3%)2 (0.9%)9 (2%)
≥ 1 y & < 2 y3 (1.4%)3 (1.3%)6 (81.3%)
≥ 2 y14 (6.5%)5 (2.2%)19 (84.3%)
Diagnosis time<  3 m57 (26.6%)56 (24.1%)113 (25.3%)ZU = -0.4060.685
≥ 3 m & < 6 m25 (11.7%)23 (9.9%)48 (10.8%)
≥ 6 m & < 1 y26 (12.1%)31 (13.4%)57 (12.8%)
≥ 1 y & < 3 y32 (15%)50 (21.6%)82 (18.4%)
≥ 3 y & < 5 y36 (16.8%)26 (11.2%)62 (13.9%)
≥ 5 y & < 10 y16 (7.5%)22 (9.5%)38 (8.5%)
≥ 10 y22 (10.3%)24 (10.3%)46 (10.3%)
  1. n (%) = absolute frequency and percentage, M ± SD = arithmetic mean and standard deviation. Test statistic: χ2 = statistic value for Pearson’s Chi-squared test, ZU = z-statistic value for Mann-Whitney’s U-test, and p-value = probability value for a two-tailed test. * The exact probability was used because the requirement that at least 80% of the expected frequencies were greater than or equal to 5 was not met. Diagnosis: ESRD = end-stage renal disease, CHD = congenital heart defect, and HIV/AIDS = human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Time: w = week, m = month, and y = year