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Table 3 Sociodemographic characteristics of the 446 family caregivers and differences between women and men

From: A Sociodemographic variables questionnaire (Q-SV) for research on family caregivers of children with chronic disease

VariableWomenMenTotalTest statisticp-value
Sex 367(82.3%)79 (17.7%)446 (100%)χ2 = 185.97< 0.001
AgeYears31.77 ± 8.6734.22 ± 8.6432.21 ± 8.70t = −2.270.024
Number of children 2.34 ± 1.242.23 ± 1.222.32 ± 1.23t = 0.700.483
Educational levelNone14 (3.8%)1 (1.3%)15 (3.4%)ZU = -0.670.503
Elementary69 (18.8%)15 (19%)84 (18.8%)
Secondary163(44.4%)34 (43%)197 (44.2%)
High school92 (25.1%)23 (29.1%)115 (25.8%)
Graduate27 (7.4%)6 (7.6%)33 (7.4%)
Postgraduate2 (0.5%)0 (0%)2 (0.4%)
ReligionCatholic Christian293 (79.8%)68 (86.1%)361 (80.9%)χ2 = 4.170.124
Non − Catholic Christian48 (13.1%)4 (5.1%)52 (11.7%)
None26 (7.1%)7 (8.9%)33 (7.4%)
Marital statusMarried143 (39%)36 (45.6%)179 (40.1%)χ2 = 14.840.022
Cohabiting133 (36.2%)34 (43%)167 (37.4%)
Separated36 (9.8%)4 (5.1%)40 (9%)
Single mother34 (9.3%)0 (0%)34 (7.6%)
Divorced11 (3.0%)2 (2.5%)13 (2.9%)
Widowed6 (1.6%)0 (0%)6 (1.3%)
No answer4 (1.1%)3 (3.8%)7 (1.6%)
OccupationHomemaker291 (79.3%)1 (1.3%)292 (65.5%)χ2 = 186.96< 0.001
< 0.001*
Office employee34 (9.3%)26 (32.9%)60 (13.5%)
Trader21 (5.7%)22 (27.8%)43 (9.6%)
Unemployment13 (3.5%)18 (22.8%)31 (7%)
Worker4 (1.1%)11 (13.9%)15 (3.4%)
Student4 (1.1%)1 (1.3%)5 (1.1%)
Average monthly family income (US dollars)<  135230(62.7%)40 (50.6%)270 (60.5%)ZU = -1.96< 0.05
[135, 270)78 (21.3%)22 (27.8%)100 (22.4%)
[270, 405)49 (13.4%)13 (16.5%)62 (13.9%)
[405, 540)4 (1.1%)3 (3.8%)7 (1.6%)
[540, 810)3 (0.8%)1 (1.3%)4 (0.9%)
≥ 8103 (0.8%)0 (0%)3 (0.6%)
  1. n (%) = absolute frequency and percentage, M ± SD = arithmetic mean and standard deviation. Test statistic: χ2 = statistic value for Pearson’s Chi-squared test, t = statistic value for Student’s t-test, ZU = z-statistic value for Mann-Whitney’s U-test, and p-value = probability value for a two-tailed test. * The exact probability was used because the requirement that at least 80% of the expected frequencies were greater than or equal to 5 was not met