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Table 4 Factors associated with GHQ-12 case-level psychological distress 3 years into the students’ professional work lives

From: The transition from university to work: what happens to mental health? A longitudinal study

 Total sample
(n = 773)
Healthcare
(n = 357)
Teachers
(n = 228)
Social workers
(n = 188)
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Independent variables
 GHQ-12 Likert score as student1.06**1.02–1.101.12***1.05–1.191.030.95–1.111.040.96–1.14
 Age1.010.98–1.051.06*1.00–1.120.960.90–1.021.030.97–1.09
 Gender0.720.37–1.380.360.10–1.341.200.47–3.080.210.02–1.82
 Civil status0.930.59–1.471.330.61–2.900.540.24–1.201.030.40–2.66
 Confidence1.140.82–1.571.630.89–2.960.890.51–1.571.050.58–1.88
 Theoretical understanding0.790.54–1.140.850.45–1.600.830.40–1.700.880.44–1.75
 Methodical aspects1.230.86–1.761.330.70–2.530.750.40–1.431.430.70–2.93
 Demand1.13**1.04–1.221.130.99–1.291.100.92–1.311.100.94–1.29
 Control1.020.95–1.091.110.99–1.250.960.84–1.091.010.87–1.16
 Support0.980.94–1.030.930.85–1.011.050.97–1.140.940.87–1.03
 Global quality of life0.34***0.27–0.440.29***0.20–0.430.24***0.14–0.410.42***0.27–0.65
Adjusted model parameters
 Model χ2150.62***87.81***57.88***34.69***
 Nagelkerke R20.290.380.350.28
 Cox & Snell R20.180.220.220.17
 Hosmer-Lemeshow χ27.717.226.356.40
  1. Effect sizes are standardized β weights. General Health Likert Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is scored 0–36, with higher scores indicating more psychological distress; female = 1, male = 2; not married/partner = 1, married/partner = 2 (civil status); professional role variables are scored from 1 (not at all) to 5 (extremely); psychosocial work environment variables are scored as higher scores indicating higher levels of job demand, personal control, and experienced support; global quality of life is scored as higher scores indicating higher quality of life
  2. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05