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Table 4 Factors associated with GHQ-12 case-level psychological distress 3 years into the students’ professional work lives

From: The transition from university to work: what happens to mental health? A longitudinal study

 Total sample
(n = 773)
(n = 357)
(n = 228)
Social workers
(n = 188)
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Independent variables
 GHQ-12 Likert score as student1.06**1.02–1.101.12***1.05–––1.14
 Civil status0.930.59–1.471.330.61–2.900.540.24––2.66
 Theoretical understanding0.790.54–1.140.850.45–1.600.830.40–1.700.880.44–1.75
 Methodical aspects1.230.86–1.761.330.70–2.530.750.40–1.431.430.70–2.93
 Global quality of life0.34***0.27–0.440.29***0.20–0.430.24***0.14–0.410.42***0.27–0.65
Adjusted model parameters
 Model χ2150.62***87.81***57.88***34.69***
 Nagelkerke R20.290.380.350.28
 Cox & Snell R20.
 Hosmer-Lemeshow χ27.717.226.356.40
  1. Effect sizes are standardized β weights. General Health Likert Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is scored 0–36, with higher scores indicating more psychological distress; female = 1, male = 2; not married/partner = 1, married/partner = 2 (civil status); professional role variables are scored from 1 (not at all) to 5 (extremely); psychosocial work environment variables are scored as higher scores indicating higher levels of job demand, personal control, and experienced support; global quality of life is scored as higher scores indicating higher quality of life
  2. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05