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Table 2 Mean comparison with ANOVA of contextual factors of the study participants on mental health condition: poor versus good

From: The link between mental health and safe drinking water behaviors in a vulnerable population in rural Malawi

Variables Scale Good mental health M (SD) and % Poor mental health M (SD) and %
Gender Male/Female female 57.8% female 63.2%
Age in years   38.39 (15.29) 38.83 (15.73)
Marital status*** Yes/No (married = 1, others = 0) married 87.7% married 70.6%
Educ. in years   5.97 (3.57) 5.58 (3.76)
Literacy** Yes/No Yes 72.4% Yes 59.6%
Household size   5.46 (2.28) 5.25 (2.21)
Income (MWK: Malawi Kwacha)   12296.00 9273.73
Wealth Index (radio, TV, mobile phone, electricity, running water) Yes/No; sum scale range: min. 0 to max. 5 .95 (1.02) .87 (1.00)
Hunger*** Likert 5-point scale from 1 to 5 2.60 (1.52) 3.18 (1.39)
Anxiety about health situation*** Likert 5-point scale from 1 to 5 1.78 (1.22) 2.25 (1.38)
Diarrhea** Likert 6-point scale from 1 to 6 1.42 (.67) 1.62 (.90)
  1. Note. *p ≤ .05, **p ≤ .01, ***p ≤ .001. Good mental health N = 467; poor mental health N = 171. Questions: Do you suffer from hunger often? Measure ranged from 1 – never to 5 – very often. How anxious are you about the future situation of your family? How frequently do you suffer from diarrhea? Response: from 1 - never to 6 - more than one day per week