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Table 3 Correlation coefficients of the translated TIL Scale with relevant variables (Samples 1 and 2)

From: Development of the Japanese version of the three-item loneliness scale

    Sample 1 (N = 1020) Sample 2 (N = 500)
  M (SD) Pearson's r 95%CI Pearson's r 95%CI
Three-Item Loneliness Scale (TIL Scale; Sample 2) 5.72 (1.81)     
Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (R-UCLA) 47.8 (10.3)    .771** [.730, .800]
Demographic variables
 Gender (1 = Female)    -.036 [-.100, .020] -.070 [-.160, .020]
 Age    -.172** [-.230, -.110] -.040 [-.130, .050]
 Marital status (1 = Married)    -.194** [-.250, -.130]   
 Living arrangements (1 = Living with someone)    -.162** [-.220, -.100]   
Personal network size
 Overall network size 95.0 (106.4) -.167** [-.230, -.110]   
 Support network size 4.98 (5.08) -.231** [-.290, -.170]   
 Online network size 5.58 (27.2) .029 [-.030, .090]   
 New-acquaintance network size 4.33 (14.7) -.026 [-.090, .040]   
Big Five scale of personality traits
 Extraversion 19.3 (6.22)    -.530** [-.590, -.460]
 Neuroticism 25.0 (5.91)    .426** [.350, .500]
 Conscientiousness 28.2 (7.24)    -.174** [-.260, -.090]
 Openness 25.0 (6.20)    -.253** [-.330, -.170]
 Agreeableness 25.3 (5.55)    -.373** [-.450, -.300]
  1. **p < .01; Means and standard deviations (SD) are presented for network and psychological measures