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Table 1 Participant characteristics and mean values on the assessments (N = 61)

From: Attentional avoidance in peer victimized individuals with and without psychiatric disorders

  Cronbach’s α Total (N = 61) Psychiatric patients (n = 30) Healthy controls (n = 31) p
Age, M (SD, range)   24.59 (4.97, 18–40) 26.20 (6.12, 18–40) 23.03 (2.83, 19–33) .014e*
Gender, % female (n)   62.5 (30) 40.0 (12) 45.2 (14) .797f
Family status, % single (n)   52.1 (25) 83.3 (25) 58.1 (18) .049f*
Peer Victimizationa, M (SD) .91 12.02 (8.21) 16.50 (8.66) 7.68 (4.78) < .001e***
Symptoms of Depressionb, M (SD) .91 12.41 (9.77) 19.33 (9.25) 5.71 (3.73) < .001e***
General Psychopathologyc, M (SD) .98 .72 (.70) 1.15 (.72) .29 (.33) < .001e***
Trait Anxietyd, M (SD) .95 46.72 (5.65) 47.62 (5.50) 45.82 (5.74) .220e
Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, M (SD) .93 53.80 (5.32) 54.23 (6.74) 53.39 (3.52) .539e
Emotional Abuse, M (SD) .86 10.10 (4.75) 12.51 (5.06) 7.77 (3.01) < .001e***
Emotional Neglect, M (SD) .86 10.43 (4.32) 12.59 (4.20) 8.42 (3.40) < .001e***
Physical Abuse, M (SD) .84 6.30 (2.81) 6.90 (3.69) 5.71 (1.40) .106e
Sexual Abuse, M (SD) .94 5.66 (2.35) 5.85 (2.62) 5.48 (2.08) .547e
Principal diagnoses
 Major depressive disorder, single episode, % (n)    16.6 (5)   
 Major depressive disorder, recurrent, % (n)    40.0 (12)   
 Bipolar disorder, % (n)    3.3 (1)   
 Social phobia, % (n)    6.6 (2)   
 Obsessive-compulsive disorder, % (n)    3.3 (1)   
 Borderline personality disorder, % (n)    13.3 (4)   
 Mixed and other personality disorder, % (n)    3.3 (1)   
 Paranoid schizophrenia, % (n)    6.6 (2)   
 Schizoaffective disorder, % (n)    6.6 (2)   
  1. * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001; aFragebogen belastender Sozialerfahrungen; bBeck Depression Inventory; cBrief Symptom Inventory - Global Severity Index; d State Trait Aniety Inventory-Trait; eindependent Student’s t-test, fChi-squared test