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Table 3 Binary logistic regression: Clinical, psychosocial and substance use factors independently associated with CMD among adult patients attending HIV follow up service in Harar town, eastern Ethiopia, 2015

From: Prevalence and associated factors of common mental disorders among adult patients attending HIV follow up service in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables < 7 (no CMD) > = 7 (CMD) p-value COR (95% CI)
CD4 count
 < =500cell/L 176 78 0.14 1.4[0.89–2.18]
 >500cell/L 126 40 Reference Reference
HIV/AIDS stage
 stage 1 187 54 Reference Reference
 stage 2 53 20 0.4 1.31[0.72–2.4]
 stage 3 46 27 0.01 2.03[1.2–3.6]
 stage 4 16 17 0.001 3.68[1.7–7.8]
Started taking ART
 Yes 291 109 0.09 0.46[0.19–1.14]
 No 11 9 Reference Reference
Perceived HIV stigma
 Yes 35 29 0.001 2.5[1.4–4.3]
 No 267 89 Reference Reference
Sero status of partner
 Positive 86 24 0.3 0.7[0.3–1.4]
 Negative 45 18 Reference Reference
 Do not know 16 6 0.9 0.9[0.3–2.8]
 No partner 155 70 0.7 1.13[0.6–2.1]
Children’s Sero status
 Yes 42 19 0.56 1.19[0.66–2.15]
 No 258 98 Reference Reference
 Do not know 2 1 0.82 1.32[0.12–14.68]
Partner died because of HIV/AIDS
 Yes 61 21 0.6 0.86[0.49–1.48]
 No 241 97 Reference Reference
Family member died because of HIV/AIDS
 Yes 61 22 0.74 0.91[0.53–1.57]
 No 240 95 Reference Reference
 Do not know 1 1 0.51 2.53[0.16–40.8]
Hospitalized in the last month
 Yes 16 9 0.37 1.48[0.63–3.44]
 No 286 109 Reference Reference
Level of functioning decreased than usual
 Yes 48 28 0.06 1.6[0.97–2.78]
 No 251 89 Reference Reference
 Do not know 3 1 0.96 0.94[0.09–9.16]
Lost job due to HIV/AIDS
 Yes 43 26 0.05 1.7[1.1–2.93]
 No 259 92 Reference Reference
Family history of mental illness
 Yes 18 23 0.001 3.8[1.98–7.38]
 No 284 95 Reference Reference
Having any comorbid chronic physical health problem
 Yes 11 12 0.01 2.99[1.28–6.99]
 No 291 106 Reference Reference
Smoked cigarettes at least once during the last three months
 Yes 13 13 0.01 2.8[1.24–6.13]
 No 289 105 Reference Reference
Alcohol used at least once during the last three months
 Yes 30 39 0.001 4.48[2.61–7.66]
 No 272 79 Reference Reference
Chewed Khat at least once during the last three months
 Yes 48 37 0.001 2.417[1.471–3.971]
 No 254 81 Reference Reference
Used illicit substances at least once during the last three months
 Yes 17 16 0.008 2.63[1.28–5.39]
 No 285 102 Reference Reference