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Table 4 Unadjusted associations of diversity of productive activities, mental health and quality of life for men and women, mean (SD)

From: Productive activities, mental health and quality of life in disability: exploring the role enhancement and the role strain hypotheses

 MenWomen
Mental healthQuality of lifeMental healthQuality of life
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Not engaged in diverse productive activities (none or one activity)67.1 (19.8)11.8 (3.7)63.3 (19.4)11.7 (4.0)
Number of productive activities
 Two72.7 (17.3)13.9 (3.4)68.3 (18.2)13.9 (3.2)
 Three75.8 (15.0)14.5 (3.3)69.2 (16.8)14.1 (3.7)
 Four77.6 (14.3)15.0 (3.4)70.6 (19.6)14.8 (3.2)
p< 0.001< 0.0010.035< 0.001
Combination of productive activities
 Two to three unpaid activities71.7 (17.1)13.1 (3.5)69.5 (17.7)14.1 (3.3)
 Paid work + one unpaid activity73.2 (17.1)14.3 (3.3)68.5 (18.8)14.0 (3.3)
 Paid work + two unpaid activities76.4 (15.0)14.7 (3.2)68.1 (16.5)13.9 (3.7)
 Paid work + three unpaid activities77.6 (14.3)15.0 (3.4)70.6 (19.6)14.8 (3.2)
p< 0.001< 0.0010.117< 0.001
  1. p-values for the comparison of means across categorical variables from Kruskal-Wall test. Note: Unpaid activities include volunteering, education, and housework