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Table 2 Unadjusted associations of load of engagement in productive activities, mental health and quality of life for men and women, mean (SD)

From: Productive activities, mental health and quality of life in disability: exploring the role enhancement and the role strain hypotheses

 MenWomen
Mental healthQuality of lifeMental healthQuality of life
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Total productivity load
 Lowest quartile67.2 (20.0)11.9 (3.6)61.7 (20.8)11.5 (4.2)
 2nd quartile73.5 (16.2)13.4 (3.2)70.7 (16.2)13.7 (3.2)
 3rd quartile74.7 (15.6)14.4 (3.2)68.1 (16.4)13.9 (3.6)
 Highest quartile76.6 (15.8)15.0 (3.5)68.6 (18.7)14.6 (3.4)
p< 0.001; < 0.001< 0.001; < 0.0010.041; 0.102< 0.001; < 0.001
Paid work (h/week)
 None67.8 (19.3)12.2 (3.7)66.1 (18.8)12.8 (3.9)
 1–1673.3 (15.7)13.7 (3.1)65.8 (19.6)13.7 (3.7)
  > 1676.7 (15.3)14.9 (3.3)71.3 (16.2)14.3 (3.4)
p< 0.001; < 0.001< 0.001; < 0.0010.093; 0.0560.004; 0.001
Volunteering (h/week)
 None70.5 (18.9)13.2 (3.8)65.2 (19.0)12.8 (3.8)
 1–876.4 (14.3)14.3 (3.2)70.3 (17.0)14.1 (3.4)
  > 871.7 (18.7)13.9 (3.6)69.6 (17.6)14.1 (4.2)
p< 0.001; 0.015< 0.001; 0.0030.081; 0.0590.009; 0.003
Education (h/week)
 None72.2 (17.8)13.6 (3.6)67.3 (18.4)13.2 (3.8)
 1–876.3 (15.2)14.4 (3.5)67.8 (19.0)14.1 (3.3)
  > 872.2 (18.1)13.9 (3.9)72.0 (17.2)15.5 (3.2)
p0.019; 0.0810.010; 0.0120.818; 0.5620.091; 0.031
Housework (h/week)
 None70.3 (20.7)12.4 (3.6)64.0 (20.1)11.7 (4.5)
 1–874.4 (16.4)14.2 (3.4)68.7 (18.8)13.3 (4.0)
  > 872.3 (16.4)13.7 (3.8)66.8 (17.8)13.6 (3.4)
p0.116; 0.796< 0.001; 0.0150.395; 0.7210.226; 0.148
  1. Note: p-values for the comparison of means across categorical variables from Kruskal-Wall tests and Cuzicks’ tests for trend across ordered groups. Only full cases in this table