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Table 2 Unadjusted associations of load of engagement in productive activities, mental health and quality of life for men and women, mean (SD)

From: Productive activities, mental health and quality of life in disability: exploring the role enhancement and the role strain hypotheses

  Men Women
Mental health Quality of life Mental health Quality of life
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Total productivity load
 Lowest quartile 67.2 (20.0) 11.9 (3.6) 61.7 (20.8) 11.5 (4.2)
 2nd quartile 73.5 (16.2) 13.4 (3.2) 70.7 (16.2) 13.7 (3.2)
 3rd quartile 74.7 (15.6) 14.4 (3.2) 68.1 (16.4) 13.9 (3.6)
 Highest quartile 76.6 (15.8) 15.0 (3.5) 68.6 (18.7) 14.6 (3.4)
p < 0.001; < 0.001 < 0.001; < 0.001 0.041; 0.102 < 0.001; < 0.001
Paid work (h/week)
 None 67.8 (19.3) 12.2 (3.7) 66.1 (18.8) 12.8 (3.9)
 1–16 73.3 (15.7) 13.7 (3.1) 65.8 (19.6) 13.7 (3.7)
  > 16 76.7 (15.3) 14.9 (3.3) 71.3 (16.2) 14.3 (3.4)
p < 0.001; < 0.001 < 0.001; < 0.001 0.093; 0.056 0.004; 0.001
Volunteering (h/week)
 None 70.5 (18.9) 13.2 (3.8) 65.2 (19.0) 12.8 (3.8)
 1–8 76.4 (14.3) 14.3 (3.2) 70.3 (17.0) 14.1 (3.4)
  > 8 71.7 (18.7) 13.9 (3.6) 69.6 (17.6) 14.1 (4.2)
p < 0.001; 0.015 < 0.001; 0.003 0.081; 0.059 0.009; 0.003
Education (h/week)
 None 72.2 (17.8) 13.6 (3.6) 67.3 (18.4) 13.2 (3.8)
 1–8 76.3 (15.2) 14.4 (3.5) 67.8 (19.0) 14.1 (3.3)
  > 8 72.2 (18.1) 13.9 (3.9) 72.0 (17.2) 15.5 (3.2)
p 0.019; 0.081 0.010; 0.012 0.818; 0.562 0.091; 0.031
Housework (h/week)
 None 70.3 (20.7) 12.4 (3.6) 64.0 (20.1) 11.7 (4.5)
 1–8 74.4 (16.4) 14.2 (3.4) 68.7 (18.8) 13.3 (4.0)
  > 8 72.3 (16.4) 13.7 (3.8) 66.8 (17.8) 13.6 (3.4)
p 0.116; 0.796 < 0.001; 0.015 0.395; 0.721 0.226; 0.148
  1. Note: p-values for the comparison of means across categorical variables from Kruskal-Wall tests and Cuzicks’ tests for trend across ordered groups. Only full cases in this table