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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for the main scales of the questionnaires

From: A problem shared is a problem halved? Comparing burdens arising for family caregivers of patients with disorders of consciousness in institutionalized versus at home care

Test Scale Specialized units At home care Norm Values
N M SD N M SD  
FLZ Global life satisfaction 38 4.01 2.25 28 4.00 2.23 Stanine
Norm Range 4–6
SVF Adaptive strategies 37 54.62 12.28 30 53.46 11.35 T-Values
Norm Range 40–60
  Maladaptive strategies 37 58.59 12.63 30 54.11 12.20 T-Values
Norm Range 40–60
TF Global grief score 43 2.42 0.72 33 2.34 0.69 No norm values
LEBE Meaning in life 42 52.36 9.70 30 51.93 12.35 T-Values
Norm Range 40–60
  Crisis of meaning 42 59.95 10.13 30 56.83 8.33 T-Values
Norm Range 45–55
  1. Sample size (N) for every questionnaire, mean (M), standard deviation (SD) and norm ranges. Values above or below the norm range would be considered as noticeable findings. Scores deviating from the respective norm population are highlighted in grey. FLZ: Questionnaire on life satisfaction, Scores are reported as Stanine: scores under 4 and over 6 represent deviations from the norm. SVF (questionnaire on coping strategies), LEBE (questionnaire for purpose and meaning in life): Scores are reported as T-norm values. SVF: Scores < 40 and > 60 were considered noteworthy; LEBE: Scores between < 45 and > 55 are considered as noteworthy [43] and highlighted in grey. TF: grief questionnaire, mean value of the norm group: m = 2.88, SD = 1.08