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Table 5 Summary of reward relationships within the SEM models for flossing

From: Exploratory study of the impact of perceived reward on habit formation

Pathways from reward to automaticity Time 1, b Time 2, b Time 3, b Time 4, b
Mediated effect
 Reward-Behaviour .248* .417* .127 −.010
   R-I: .530***  
   I-B: .316**  
 Behaviour-Automaticity .230 .266*** .260*** .174**
Moderated effect −.010 .042 .112** −.039
  1. Note: for flossing, the intervention took place at T1 (at which point, so significant reward relationships were observed). For flossing, reward was measured in terms of pleasure
  2. Due to complexity of the model, the mediated effect was not calculated, but instead, significant pathways along the mediated mechanism were reported. Significant mediated effects are only represented in the coefficients marked in bold, where more than one significant coefficient makes a complete significant pathway between reward to automaticity. (Items in italics reflect a mediation relationship from reward to automaticity that is via both via intention and behaviour, rather than just via behaviour. The coefficients from reward to intention are marked R-I, and the coefficients from intention to behaviour are marked I-B)
  3. * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p ≤ .001