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Table 5 Crude prevalence ratios of demographic characteristics and anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression in trafficked males, n = 446

From: Mental health, violence and psychological coercion among female and male trafficking survivors in the greater Mekong sub-region: a cross-sectional study

  Anxiety PTSDa Depression
PRb 95% CIc PR 95% CI PR 95% CI
Age
 10–17 (reference) 1.0   1.0   1.0  
 18–25 1.14 0.64–2.06 1.79 0.76–4.20 1.41 0.95–2.09
 26 or above 1.06 0.64–1.76 1.64 0.91–2.96 1.43 1.08–1.90**
Country of exploitation
 Thailand (reference) 1.0   1.0   1.0  
 China 1.33 0.68–2.59 3.63 2.58–5.12*** 1.60 0.91–2.82
 Otherd 0.92 0.70–1.22 2.89 2.04–4.11*** 0.95 0.84–1.08
Sector of exploitation
 Forced marriage, entertainment, dancing, domestic work, cleaner, restaurant work, begging, and other (reference) 1.0   1.0   1.0  
 Animal, farming, agriculture, and fishing 1.03 0.58–1.81 1.23 0.64–2.34 1.37 0.81–2.32
 Construction and factory work 1.40 0.76–2.57 1.27 0.85–1.89 1.34 0.94–1.91
Time in trafficking situation (months)
 1–12 (reference) 1.0   1.0   1.0  
 13 or more 2.31 1.28–4.16** 1.22 0.48–3.11 1.02 0.60–1.74
  1. *p ≤ 0.05
  2. **p ≤ 0.01
  3. ***p ≤ 0.001
  4. aPTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder
  5. bPR Prevalence ratio
  6. c95% Confidence interval
  7. dOther country of exploitation included Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Mauritius, South Africa, and Russia