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Table 2 Gender-specific frequencies of qualitative themes

From: Coming to terms with oneself: a mixed methods approach to perceived self-esteem of adult survivors of childhood maltreatment in foster care settings

Main theme subtheme Men (n = 31) Percent Women (n = 13) Percent
positive attitude towards oneself 21 67.7 10 76.9
 self-acceptance 1 3.2 1 7.7
 positive attitude 21 67.7 10 76.9
  in general 15 48.4 5 38.5
  friendship 1 3.2 2 15.5
  family and raising kids 7 22.6 7 53.8
positive emotions of oneself 18 58.1 6 46.2
 self-confidence 10 32.3 4 30.8
 self-satisfaction 8 25.8 5 38.5
positive and negative aspects 16 51.6 6 46.2
 not completely satisfied with oneself 3 9.7 1 7.7
 self-critical/ self-reflective 11 35.5 5 38.5
 beginning of positive self -perception 3 9.7 2 15.4
negative attitude towards oneself 7 22.6 3 23.1
 depreciating oneself 7 22.6 3 23.1
 negative attitude 0 0 1 7.7
negative emotions of oneself 11 35.5 9 69.2
 shame 1 3.2 1 7.7
 self-doubts 4 12.9 2 15.4
 dissatisfied with oneself 4 12.9 7 53.8
 insecurity 5 16.1 4 30.8
  1. Note. Fisher’s exact test was used to test significance, no significant differences were found. No code could be assigned for two participants, reducing the total N to n = 44