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Table 4 Hierarchical multiple regression analysis, Depression (SMFQ)

From: Emotion regulation and its relation to symptoms of anxiety and depression in children aged 8–12 years: does parental gender play a differentiating role?

Children’s self-reports on child depression symptoms as dependent, mothers’ reports on control and independent variables (n = 534)
Variables β (CI) t Part2 Total R2 R 2
Step 1     4.50% 5.60%
Age (child) 0.12 (0.20, 1.10) 2.84**    
Gender (child) 0.08 (−0.09, 1.56) 1.76    
Economy (family) 0.05 (−0.16, 0.58) 1.14    
Maternal Education −0.04 (− 0.64, 0.26) −0.84    
Stress (EASQ) 0.16 (0.20, 0.75) 3.43***    
Maternal psychiatric health (HSCL) 0.06 (−0.03, 0.16) 1.34    
Step 2     6.00% 1.80%
Age (child) 0.12 (0.20, 1.09) 2.82**    
Gender (child) 0.09 (0.03, 1.68) 2.03*    
Economy (family) 0.06 (−0.14, 0.59) 1.20    
Maternal Education −0.02 (− 0.56, 0.33) −0.51    
Stress (EASQ) 0.13 (0.10, 0.65) 2.67**    
Maternal psychiatric health (HSCL) 0.01 (−0.09, 0.12) 0.31    
ERC Liability/Negativity (L/N) 0.12 (0.01, 0.18) 2.28* 0.92%   
ERC Emotion regulation (ER) −0.05 (−0.22, 0.08) −0.97 0.18%   
  1. All scores are sum-score. ERC L/N high scores indicate poor regulation skills. ERC ER high scores indicate good regulation skills
  2. SMFQ Mood and Feeling Questionnaire – short form, ERC Emotion regulation checklist, HSCL The Hopkin‘s symptom check list, EASQ Early Adolescence Stress Questionnaire
  3. *p = < 0.05. **p = < 0.01. ***p = < 0.001
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