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Table 3 Categorical predictor variables and antisocial and criminal behaviour (ASB) age 16–21

From: Preventing at-risk children from developing antisocial and criminal behaviour: a longitudinal study examining the role of parenting, community and societal factors in middle childhood

Categorical predictor variables n (%)
with age 16–21 ASB
Total with predictor Chi square and p values
Change in maternal hostility (age 4 to 8)
 Reduced hostility (between ages 4 and 8) 27 (22) 121 χ2(1) = 6.66,
p = 0.010
 Hostility remains high 64 (36) 176
Opinion of neighbourhood as a place to live, child age 5
 Good 271 (26) 1027 χ2(1) = 7.58,
p = 0.006
 Not good 27 (42) 64
Difficulty affording rent, child age7
 No difficulty 170 (23) 735 χ2(1) = 15.23,
p < 0.001
 Difficulty 78 (37) 214
Non-working mother choice, child age 7
 Chose not to work to stay at home with child 56 (26) 218 χ2(1) = 1.9,
p = 0.172
 Did not choose not to work 22 (34) 64