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Table 2 Comparisons of illness representations between the Iranian and German subclinical samples and between the Iranian and German patient samples

From: Why is this happening to me? – a comparison of illness representations between Iranian and German people with mental illness

  Subclinical samplea Patient sampleb
Iran Germany F(1, 362) d Iran Germany F(1, 362) d
IPQ-R scales (M, SD)
 Coherence 3.43 (0.83) 3.76 (0.94) 10.22** 0.38 4.12 (0.62) 3.40 (0.91) 36.16*** 0.92
 Personal control 3.21 (0.73) 3.21 (0.85) 0.04 n.s. 0.00 3.42 (0.84) 3.32 (0.74) 0.04 n.s. 0.00
 Emotional representation 3.83 (1.00) 3.29 (0.97) 22.15*** 0.54 4.71 (0.56) 3.62 (0.78) 98.27*** 1.6
Causes (M, SD)
 Supernatural beliefs 3.12 (1.02) 1.26 (0.55) 299.42*** 2.0 3.52 (0.88) 1.53 (0.68) 264.97*** 2.53
  1. Note. a including covariates sex and educational level, b including covariates age and educational level, M = Mean, SD = standard deviation, F = F value, df = degrees of freedom, * p < 0.0125, ** p < 0.0025, *** p < 0.00025, d = Cohen’s d