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Table 1 Overview of instruments and related constructs

From: Promoting psychosocial well-being following stroke: study protocol for a randomized, controlled trial

Construct Instrument Domains
Psychosocial well-being The General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) 28 item general scale measuring emotional distress. Four subscales (somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and serious depression
Psychosocial well-being The Stroke and Aphasia Quality of Life scale (SAQOL-39) Disease-specific quality of life scale, measures patient’s perspective of stroke’s impact on ‘physical’, ‘psychosocial’ and ‘communication’ domains.
Sense of coherence Sense of Coherence scale (SOC-13) Self-report questionnaire, 13 components, measuring the main concepts in the SOC theory; coherence, meaningfulness and manageability. 13 items scored on a Likert scale, ranging from 1 to 7. Higher scores indicate a stronger SOC.
Depression and anxiety The Yale Brown single item questionnaire (Yale) One yes/ no question
Fatigue Lee’s Fatigue scale-5 (Lee-5) A 0–10 scale assessing symptoms of fatigue
Fatigue Fatigue Questionnaire-2 (FQ-2) One yes/ no question, If yes; length of symptoms.
Demographics   Age, gender, ethnic background, education, type of work/studies, marital status, living condition, family/network, place of living (urban/rural)
Medical information   Time of stroke, type / localization of stroke, type of medical treatment after stroke, medication, other chronic diseases, earlier depression / mental disorders, rehabilitation services provided, type and amount of health care/practice assistance provided in the community.
Stroke severity National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) A questionnaire used by healthcare providers to objectively quantify the impairment caused by a stroke.
Aphasia The Ullevaal Aphasia Screening Test (UAS) Screening for aphasia.