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Table 2 Characteristics of the RFQ items and scales

From: Gain +1 or Avoid −1: Validation of the German Regulatory Focus Questionnaire (RFQ)

Item/Scale M(SD) γ1 γ2 P r it
RFQ 1a 3.81 (1.02) −.54 −.36 .76 .40
RFQ 2b 3.02 (1.16) .08 −.74 .60 .65
RFQ 3a 3.51 (1.00) −.46 −.24 .70 .24
RFQ 4b 3.19 (1.18) −.19 −.84 .64 .54
RFQ 5b 3.78 (0.88) −.68 .26 .76 .51
RFQ 6b 3.60 (1.14) −.47 −.61 .72 .55
RFQ 7a 3.65 (0.81) −.56 .48 .73 .41
RFQ 8b 3.52 (1.08) −.39 −.57 .70 .50
RFQ 9a 3.33 (1.11) −.36 −.64 .67 .33
RFQ 10a 4.00 (0.89) −.87 .85 .80 .38
RFQ 11a 3.75 (1.20) −.70 −.50 .75 .34
RFQ Promotionc 3.71 (0.63) −.41 .02   
RFQ Prevention 3.42 (0.79) −.34 −.27   
  1. a = promotion item; b = prevention item; γ1 = skewness; γ2 = kurtosis; P = difficulty index; r it , = corrected item-total correlation. c Values reported for the promotion scale excluding Item 3