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Table 2 Significant sex differences for RSA, HSCL and HSS mean scores (n = 762)

From: Resilience or hope? Incremental and convergent validity of the resilience scale for adults (RSA) and the Herth hope scale (HHS) in the prediction of anxiety and depression

Scales Levene Test Ranks t – test Men
(n = 320)
Women
(n = 477)
Hedge’s g
F p T p M SD M SD
RSA Perception of Self    2.40 * 5.47 1.00 5.29 1.06 .17
RSA Social Competence    −2.22 * 5.22 1.03 5.38 .97 .16
RSA Social Resources    −4.85 ** 5.83 .86 6.11 .75 .35
HSCL Anxiety    −3.03 ** 1.45 .38 1.53 .38 .22
HSCL Depression 4.73 * −2.05 * 1.46 .40 1.52 .41 .15
HSCL Total    −2.62 ** 1.45 .36 1.52 .37 .19
HHS Agency    −4.15 ** 3.64 .49 3.77 .36 .30
HHS Belonging/Social Support 11.13 ** −4.63 ** 3.48 .52 3.64 .42 .33
  1. Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), Hopkins Symptom Check List (HSCL-25), Herth Hope Scale (HHS)
  2. *p < .05, ** p < .01 (2- tailed)