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Table 2 Comparison of parenting, stress and mental well-being levels before the start of the CANparent programmes

From: The effectiveness of universal parenting programmes: the CANparent trial

  CANparent group National normsa ESb (95% CIs)
Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N
PDH Frequency 60.53 (10.96) 576 50.58 (11.11) 518 0.90 (.78, 1.03)
PDH Intensity 53.90 (12.56) 501 34.9 (12.26) 515 1.53 (1.39, 1.66)
BAP Satisfaction 25.15 (6.75) 650 28.9 (6.62) 546 −0.56 (−.68, −.44)
BAP Self-efficacy 29.88 (5.74) 648 32.1 (4.70) 547 −0.42 (−.53, −.30)
BAP Interest 14.97 (2.58) 648 15.7 (2.30) 547 −0.30 (−.41, −.18)
BAP Total 70.08 (11.07) 645 76.6 (9.80) 547 −0.62 (−.74, −.50)
WEMWBS 48.39 (8.95) 656 50.7 (8.79) 1749 −0.26 (−.35, −.17)
  1. aWith the exception of WEMWBS, comparison data came from the comparison group: a randomly selected population sample. WEMWBS comparison data are from the scale’s standardisation sample [30]
  2. bES = effect size; PDH = Parenting Daily Hassles; BAP = Being a Parent; WEMWBS = Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale