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Table 2 Regression-adjusted odds ratio of post-deployment depression and PTSD on soldiers in the restricted sample

From: Association between baseline psychological attributes and mental health outcomes after soldiers returned from deployment

Outcome = Odds Ratio (95% CI) Depression* PTSD*
Baseline psychological attributes (in bottom 5 percentile)
 Depression (rev. coding) 1.47*** 1.48***
[1.25–1.72] [1.27–1.74]
 Catastrophizing (rev. coding) 1.42*** 1.08
[1.26–1.60] [0.96–1.23]
 Positive Affect 1.47*** 1.27***
[1.27–1.71] [1.09–1.48]
 Adaptability 0.96 0.93
[0.80–1.15] [0.77–1.11]
 Coping Ability 1.00 0.94
[0.87–1.16] [0.82–1.08]
 Optimism 1.41*** 1.01
[1.24–1.61] [0.88–1.15]
 Positive Character Actions 0.90 1.07
[0.75–1.09] [0.89–1.28]
 Engagement with Job 1.12 0.90
[0.96–1.30] [0.77–1.04]
 Inclusion 1.51*** 1.42***
[1.31–1.74] [1.23–1.64]
 Organizational Trust 1.19** 1.39***
[1.00–1.42] [1.18–1.64]
 Friendship 1.47*** 1.13*
[1.28–1.68] [0.98–1.30]
 Family Satisfaction 1.38*** 1.35***
[1.21–1.58] [1.19–1.54]
 Family Support 1.37*** 1.31***
[1.19–1.59] [1.14–1.50]
 Spirituality 1.23*** 1.05
[1.06–1.44] [0.90–1.22]
 witnessed deaths during deployment 1.63*** 3.18***
[1.51–1.76] [2.98–3.39]
 discharged weapon during deployment 0.91** 1.57***
[0.83–1.00] [1.46–1.68]
 wounded or in danger during deployment 2.22*** 8.16***
[2.04–2.42] [7.41–8.97]
 Sample size 62,913 62,754
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  2. Note:
  3. Depression: screened positive for depression symptoms based on 2-item Patient Health Questionnaire
  4. PTSD: screen positive for PTSD symptoms based on the Primary Care PTSD screen
  5. Additional variables in the regression include gender, race, age, marital status, dependent quantity, rank, AFQT percentile, military occupational specialty, pre-deployment psychological health counseling need