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Table 4 Measures included in the profile and neurodevelopmental domains assessed by Mattson and colleagues [30]

From: Neurodevelopmental profile of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A systematic review

Observed variable/measure Neurodevelopmental domain(s) measured
CANTAB Delayed Matching to Sample Percent Correct (z-score) Short-term and long-term visual and spatial memory
CANTAB Intra-Extra Dimensional Shift Stages Completed (z-score) Executive function, cognitive flexibility
CANTAB Intra-Extra Dimensional Shift Total Errors (z-score) Executive function, cognitive flexibility
CANTAB Simple Reaction Time Percent Correct Trials (raw score) Attention, reaction time
CANTAB Spatial Working Memory Total Errors (z score)* Executive function, spatial working memory
D-KEFS Color-Word Interference Inhibition/Switching (scaled score) Executive function, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility
D-KEFS Trail Making–Switch versus Number (scaled score)* Executive function, cognitive flexibility
D-KEFS 20 Questions Total Initial Abstraction (scaled score) Executive function, planning, deduction
D-KEFS Tower Test Rule Violations Per Item Ratio (scaled score) Executive function, planning
D-KEFS Verbal Fluency Total Correct Letter (scaled score)* Executive function, fluency
D-KEFS Verbal Fluency Total Correct Switch (scaled score)* Executive function, cognitive flexibility
  1. *Indicates the measures that overlap with those selected in Mattson et al. [29]
  2. CANTAB Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery, D-KEFS Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System