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Table 3 Measures included in the profile and neurodevelopmental domains assessed by Mattson and colleagues [29]

From: Neurodevelopmental profile of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A systematic review

Observed variable/measure Neurodevelopmental domain(s) measured
CANTAB Spatial Recognition Memory Percent Correct (z-score) Visual memory, spatial reasoning
CANTAB Spatial Span Length (z-score) Executive function, spatial reasoning, visual memory
CANTAB Spatial Working Memory Strategy (z-score) Executive function, spatial working memory
CANTAB Spatial Working Memory Total Errors (z-score) Executive function, spatial working memory
D-KEFS Trail Making Combined Number/Letter (scaled score) Executive function, sequencing
D-KEFS Trail Making–Switch versus Number (scaled score) Executive function, cognitive flexibility
D-KEFS Trail Making–Switch versus Visual (scaled score) Executive function
D-KEFS Trail Making–Switch Errors (scaled score) Executive function, cognitive flexibility
D-KEFS Verbal Fluency Total Correct Letter (scaled score) Executive function, fluency
D-KEFS Verbal Fluency Total Correct Category (scaled score) Executive function, fluency
D-KEFS Verbal Fluency Total Correct Switch (scaled score) Executive function, cognitive flexibility
D-KEFS Verbal Fluency Second Interval Correct (scaled score) Executive function, fluency
D-KEFS Verbal Fluency Set Loss Errors (scaled score) Executive function, set maintenance
MVWM Time in Target Quadrant on Probe Trail (raw score) Spatial learning
NES3 Animals Following subtest, Number Correct (raw score) Sustained attention
NES3 Animals Repeating subtest, Number Correct (raw score) Sustained attention
NES3 Animals Single subtest, Number Correct (raw score) Sustained attention
Grooved Pegboard Test Dominant Hand Completion Time (z-score) Fine motor
Grooved Pegboard Test Non-Dominant Hand Completion Time (z-score) Fine motor
Progressive Planning Test Maximally Constrained Total Score (raw score) Executive function, planning
Visual Discrimination Reversal Learning Test Number of Reversals (raw score) Executive function, cognitive flexibility
Visual Motor Integration Test Total (standard score) Visual-motor
  1. CANTAB Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery, D-KEFS Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System, MVWM Morris Virtual Water Maze, NES3 Neurobehavioral Evaluation System 3