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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for demographic data, PPI-R and SCID-II

From: In your face: the biased judgement of fear-anger expressions in violent offenders

Measure Means (SD)
Violent offenders Child sex offenders General population
Demographics
 Age (years) 42.23 (11.45) 42.07 (8.87) 42.76 (10.33)
 Sentence term (months) 93.43 (66.58) 59.07 (24.31) -
PPI-R
 Blame externalization 33.17 (9.61) 37.92 (8.84) 26.65 (7.6)
 Rebellious nonconformity 54.31 (16.44) 50.54 (10.69) 53.00 (13.49)
 Stress immunity 44.52 (9.65) 44.54 (8.81) 43.00 (6.86)
 Social influence 44.83 (8.89) 34.54 (8.90) 45.59 (5.92)
 Coldheartedness 32.76 (5.84) 29.62 (3.82) 30.53 (5.92)
 Machiavellian egocentricity 34.62 (6.01) 33.85 (5.46) 33.65 (4.76)
 Carefree nonplanfulness 27.55 (5.52) 31.15 (6.05) 29.65 (6.66)
 Fearlessness 17.83 (5.91) 15.38 (5.06) 18.18 (5.49)
 Sum 289.59 (34.98) 277.54 (29.45) 280.24 (27.15)
 Dissimulation Score 41.76 (6.46) 45.15 (7.28) 41.59 (7.14)
SCID-II-Screening
 Avoidant personality disorder PD 1.50 (1.70) 2.36 (1.98) 0.76 (1.09)
 Obsessive-compulsive PD 3.60 (1.63) 4.43 (1.79) 4.29 (2.11)
 Negativistic PD 1.57 (1.68) 2.07 (1.90) 1.24 (1.44)
 Depressive PD 1.83 (2.07) 3.07 (2.34) 0.88 (1.54)
 Paranoid PD 2.57 (2.10) 2.86 (2.57) 1.35 (1.66)
 Schizotypal PD 1.23 (0.94) 2.14 (2.38) 1.41 (1.37)
 Schizoid PD 1.80 (1.42) 2.64 (1.98) 1.59 (1.00)
 Histrionic PD 1.60 (1.81) 0.57 (0.76) 1.41 (1.33)
 Narcissistic PD 4.00 (2.94) 3.07 (3.15) 2.18 (1.78)
 Borderline PD 3.53 (3.23) 2.21 (2.89) 2.47 (2.69)
 Antisocial PD 4.23 (4.19) 2.43 (2.21) 1.82 (2.81)
  1. PPI-R Psychopathic Personality Inventory—Revised), SCID-II Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders, PD personality disorder. For PPI-R and SCID-II, values denote raw sum scores of each scale