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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the initial (N = 2003) and final study sample (N = 1249) a

From: The impact of conscientiousness, mastery, and work circumstances on subsequent absenteeism in employees with and without affective disorders

  Initial sample b Final sample
Total (working at t0) Excluded Included p-value Depr. and/or anx. Healthy or lifetime p-value
N = 2003 N = 754 N = 1249 excl-incl N = 629 N = 620
Socio-demographics
 % female 65.3 63.8 66.2 .27 66.9 65.5 .59
 Age [18–65] 41.0 (11.9) 39.9 (12.6) 41.6 (11.3) .002 41.0 (10.7) 42.2 (11.9) .06
 Education in years [5–18] 12.5 (3.2) 12.0 (3.2) 12.9 (3.2) <.001 12.6 (3.3) 13.2 (3.1) <.001
 No.of chronic diseases [0–7] 0.8 (1.0) 0.9 (1.1) 0.7 (0.9) .002 0.8 (0.9) 0.7 (0.9) .02
 Number of working hours 29.7 (12.1) 28.2 (13.9) 30.5 (10.8) <.001 30.4 (10.5) 30.6 (11.0) .76
Depression and anxiety
 Severity of depression [0–85] 20.2 (13.7) 23.0 (14.2) 18.5 (13.1) <.001 26.8 (11.8) 10.2 (8.1) <.001
 Severity of anxiety [0–63] 11.3 (10.2) 13.2 (11.0) 10.1 (9.5) <.001 15.3 (9.8) 4.9 (5.4) <.001
 % Depressive disorder only 14.7 15.7 14.1 .34 28.0 n/a  
 % Anxiety disorder only 17.6 18.3 17.2 .54 34.2 n/a  
 % Comorbid disorder 23.7 31.4 19.1 <.001 37.8 n/a  
Personality characteristics
 Mastery [5–25] 17.7 (4.4) 17.1 (4.5) 18.0 (4.4) <.001 15.9 (4.1) 20.2 (3.5) <.001
 Conscientiousness [12–60] 42.2 (6.4) 40.9 (6.6) 43.0 (6.2) <.001 41.3 (6.3) 44.6 (5.6) <.001
Work circumstances
 Job demands [0–1] 0.47 (0.34) 0.44 (0.35) 0.49 (0.34) .03 0.50 (0.35) 0.47 (0.33) .21
 Job control [0–1] 0.75 (0.30) 0.72 (0.32) 0.76 (0.30) .07 0.71 (0.31) 0.79 (0.28) <.001
 Job support [0–1] 0.70 (0.30) 0.70 (0.30) 0.70 (0.30) .71 0.64 (0.31) 0.76 (0.28) <.001
Absenteeism
 % long-term absenteeism [>10 days subsequent year] 18.4 20.0 18.2 .55 23.9 12.4 <.001
 Absence previous 6 months [0–130 working days] 15.2 (31.3) 19.5 (36.4) 12.5 (27.5) <.001 20.4 (34.5) 4.6 (13.8) <.001
 Absence during 1-year follow-up [0–260 working days] 10.5 (29.5) 10.5 (23.7) 10.5 (30.2) .99 15.1 (38.1) 5.9 (18.3) <.001
  1. a Numbers within [] are ranges, numbers within () are standard deviations
  2. b Excluded are employees who were not employed anymore at t1 and/or had missing data on absenteeism, personality characteristics and/or work circumstances
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