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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics

From: The effects of perceived racism on psychological distress mediated by venting and disengagement coping in Native Hawaiians

Characteristics Mean (SD) or %
Psychological distress scores 30.8 (14.9)
Perceived racism scores 19.3 (7.7)
Age (years) 54.9 (13.8)
Female (vs. male) 71%
Educational attainment
 No high school diploma 5.5%
 High school diploma or equivalent 55.8%
 Some college/technical/vocational 27.0%
 College graduate 11.7%
Marital Status
 Never married 10.3%
 Currently married 67.3%
 Divorced/separated/widowed 21.4%
Brief COPE subscale scores
 Active coping 6.0 (1.6)
 Emotional support 5.2 (2.0)
 Instrumental support 4.9 (2.0)
 Religion 6.2 (2.2)
 Positive reframing 6.0 (1.7)
 Planning 6.0 (1.7)
 Humor 3.8 (1.7)
 Acceptance 6.5 (1.5)
 Venting 4.3 (1.6)
 Self-distraction 5.4 (1.7)
 Denial 3.6 (2.4)
 Behavioral disengagement 3.2 (1.6)
 Self-blame 4.1 (1.7)
 Substance use 2.4 (1.3)
  1. SD = standard deviation. Due to missing data the sample size for the Brief COPE subscales range from 141 to 145