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Table 2 APIM hierarchical multiple regression analyses predicting adjustment disorder and depressive symptoms from controls, interpersonal emotion regulation, and intrapersonal emotion regulation (males reporting a stressful event: N = 73; females reporting a stressful event: N = 73)

From: Intra- and interpersonal emotion regulation and adjustment symptoms in couples: The role of co-brooding and co-reappraisal

   Males    Females   
Steps Predictor β 95 % CI ΔR2 β 95 % CI ΔR2
  Preoccupation (ADNM)
control + interpersonal ER own co-brooding 0.32* [0.16, 2.37] .13* 0.22 [−0.28, 1.95] .1
partner co-brooding 0.13 [–0.61, 1.68]   −0.16 [−1.99, 0.50]  
own co-reappraisal 0.14 [−0.25, 0.99]   −0.20 [−1.53, 0.16]  
partner co-reappraisal 0.13 [-0.30, 1.04]   −0.07 [-0.91, 0.54]  
control + interpersonal ER + intrapersonal ER own co-brooding 0.36* [0.28, 2.56] .06 0.27 [-0.08, 2.15] .13*
partner co-brooding 0.07 [−0.89, 1.45]   −0.13 [−1.77, 0.62]  
own co-reappraisal 0.11 [−0.37, 0.93]   −0.15 [−1.32, 0.33]  
partner co-reappraisal 0.20 [−0.14, 1.27]   −0.11 [−1.03, 0.40]  
own reappraisal (ERQ) −0.09 [−0.77, 0.34]   0.01 [−0.59, 0.64]  
partner reappraisal (ERQ) −0.26* [−1.19,−0.02]   0.11 [−0.35, 0.95]  
own brooding (RSQ) −0.02 [−0.24, 0.20]   0.30* [0.06, 0.50]  
partner brooding (RSQ) −0.05 [−0.25, 0.17]   −0.18 [−0.51, 0.09]  
   total R2 .27   total R2 .31*  
  Failure to adapt (ADNM)
control + interpersonal ER own co-brooding 0.31* [0.13, 1.48] .1 0.18 [−0.25, 1.02] .1
partner co-brooding 0.05 [−0.56, 0.83]   0.06 [−0.55, 0.87]  
own co-reappraisal 0.01 [−0.37, 0.40]   −0.17 [−0.81, 0.16]  
partner co-reappraisal 0.09 [−0.24, 0.58]   −0.09 [−0.56, 0.27]  
control + interpersonal ER + intrapersonal ER own co-brooding 0.26* [−0.03, 1.38] .04 0.24 [−0.11, 1.16] .13*
partner co-brooding 0.06 [−0.55, 0.89]   0.10 [−0.42, 0.95]  
own co-reappraisal 0.05 [−0.32, 0.49]   −0.11 [−0.69, 0.26]  
partner co-reappraisal 0.07 [−0.31, 0.56]   −0.12 [−0.60, 0.22]  
own reappraisal (ERQ) 0.03 [−0.30, 0.38]   0.04 [−0.30, 0.41]  
partner reappraisal (ERQ) 0.01 [−0.34, 0.38]   0.07 [−0.27, 0.48]  
own brooding (RSQ) 0.21 [−0.01, 0.25]   0.29* [0.03, 0.28]  
partner brooding (RSQ) −0.06 [−0.16, 0.09]   −0.21 [−0.31, 0.03]  
   total R2 .35*   total R2 .3*  
  Depression (CES-D)
control + interpersonal ER own co-brooding 0.31* [0.45, 6.87] .08 0.06 [−2.50, 3.70] .17*
partner co-brooding −0.05 [−3.92, 2.72]   0.02 [−3.23, 3.68]  
own co-reappraisal −0.09 [−2.47, 1.15]   −0.39** [−6.05,−1.34]  
partner co-reappraisal 0.00 [−1.96, 1.93]   −0.11 [−2.88, 1.14]  
control + interpersonal ER + intrapersonal ER own co-brooding 0.24 [−0.22, 5.94] .15* 0.09 [−2.12, 4.13] .11
partner co-brooding −0.05 [−3.80, 2.51]   0.05 [−2.68, 4.04]  
own co-reappraisal 0.00 [−1.76, 1.77]   −0.32* [−5.42,−0.77]  
partner co-reappraisal −0.02 [−2.11, 1.70]   −0.13 [−3.06, 0.95]  
own reappraisal (ERQ) −0.11 [−2.21, 0.79]   0.05 [−1.37, 2.10]  
partner reappraisal (ERQ) −0.05 [-1.95, 1.21]   0.04 [-1.53, 2.12]  
own brooding (RSQ) 0.35** [0.31, 1.48]   0.32* [0.22, 1.46]  
partner brooding (RSQ) −0.15 [-0.95, 0.18]   −0.14 [-1.29, 0.38]  
   total R2 .39*   total R2 .32*  
  1. Note. Control variables included age, relationship duration, partner also reports event, interpersonal and relationship-related nature of event (binary variables yes – no). APIM: multiple actor effects (association with own emotion regulation) and partner effects (association with partner’s emotion regulation). Co-brooding and co-reappraisal measured by IER interpersonal emotion regulation questionnaire (Co-brooding: composite score self- and partner’s perception), RSQ response style questionnaire, ERQ emotion regulation questionnaire, ADNM adjustment disorder new module, CES-D center for epidemiological studies- depression inventory
  2. p ≤ .1, *p < .05, **p < .001