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Table 4 Odds ratios (Ors) for the presence of mild to severe depressive symptoms across exposure groups

From: Prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms in relation to rural-to-urban migration in India: a cross-sectional study

  Total Presence of mild to severe depressive symptoms Model I: age-adjusted Model Ii: adjusted for socioeconomic parameters a Model Iii: adjusted for socioeconomic and health parameters b
  N N (%) Or (95 % Ci) Or (95 % Ci) Or (95 % Ci)
Women    (N = 416) (N = 413) (N = 413)
 Rural-To-Urban Migrants 219 18 (8.2 %) Baseline Baseline Baseline
 Urban Residents 83 10 (12.1 %) 1.6 (0.5–4.9) 1.9 (0.6–5.6) 1.7 (0.6–5.2)
 Rural Residents 114 19 (16.7 %) 2.5 (1.0–6.5) 2.9 (0.8–10.5) 2.9 (0.8–10.8)
Men    (N = 468) (N = 467) (N = 467)
 Rural-To-Urban Migrants 242 12 (5.0 %) Baseline Baseline Baseline
 Urban Residents 76 3 (4.0 %) 1.0 (0.2–5.0) 1.1 (0.2–5.5) 0.8 (0.1–5.7)
 Rural Residents 150 12 (8.0 %) 2.4 (0.8–7.4) 2.3 (0.5–11.0) 2.2 (0.3–15.3)
  1. a Adjusted for age, socioeconomic status, education, household type (extended family vs. single/shared household/nuclear family)
  2. b Adjusted for age, socioeconomic status, education, household type, physical activity (metabolic equivalents of task, mets), body mass index, hypertension, diabetes