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Table 3 The analysis of alternative treatment contrasts in eight comparative RCTs of treatments for Borderline Personality Disorder

From: The neglect of treatment-construct validity in psychotherapy research: a systematic review of comparative RCTs of psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder

Treatment contrast DBT-o vs. CCT DBT vs. CVT SFT vs. TFP DBT vs. CTBE TFP vs DBT vs. SPT MBT vs. SCM DBT vs. GPM TFP vs. Exp.
Therapist experience 0 - 0 1 - 0 0 0
Dosage 0 1 - 1 - 0 1 1
Supervision 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
BPD-specific rationale 1 0 0 - 0 1 0 -
Empathy, validation, support 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 -
Medication - 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Researcher allegiance 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1
Number of eliminated contrasts 4 4 4 0 3 4 6 2
ATCI .57 .57 .57 .00 .43 .57 .86 .29
  1. 0 = no evidence of a difference; 1 = evidence of a difference; - = no data reported
  2. ATCI Alternative Treatment Contrast Index
  3. CCT Client-Centered Therapy, CTBE Community Treatment by Experts, CVT-12S Comprehensive Validation Therapy combined with a 12 step program, DBT Dialectical Behavior Therapy, DBT-o DBT-oriented therapy, a modified form of DBT, Exp Experienced community psychotherapists, GPM General Psychiatric Management, MBT Mentalization-Based Treatment, SCM Structural Clinical Management; SFT Schema-Focused Therapy, SPT Supportive Psychodynamic Therapy, TFP Transference-Focused Psychotherapy