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Table 1 Descriptive data on the eight comparative RTCs included in the analysis

From: The neglect of treatment-construct validity in psychotherapy research: a systematic review of comparative RCTs of psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder

Primary study Treatments compared No of patients Outcome
Turner (2000) [59] DBT-o vs. CCT 24 DBT-o > CCT
Linehan et al. (2002) [39] DBT vs. CVT + 12S 23 No sign diff
Giesen-Bloo et al. (2006) [22] SFT vs. TFP 88 SFT > TFP
Linehan et al. (2006) [38] DBT vs. CTBE 101 DBT > CTBE
Clarkin et al. (2007) [16] TFP vs. DBT vs. SPT 90 No sign diff
Bateman & Fonagy (2009) [10] MBT vs. SCM 134 MBT > SCM
McMain et al. (2009) [44] DBT vs. GPM 180 No sign diff
Doering et al. (2010) [18] TFP vs. Exp 104 TFP > exp
  1. CCT Client-Centered Therapy, according to Carkhuff et al.’s [15] manual
  2. CTBE Community Treatment by Experts (nominated by community mental health leaders as being especially skillful in treating difficult clients; [38])
  3. CVT-12S Comprehensive Validation Therapy (the acceptance/validation part of DBT), in combination with a 12 step Narcotics Anonymous program
  4. DBT Dialectical Behavior Therapy [35]
  5. DBT-o DBT-oriented therapy, a modified form of DBT [59, 60]
  6. Exp Experienced community psychotherapists (mainly psychoanalysts and behavior therapists; [18])
  7. GPM General Psychiatric Management (including psychodynamic therapy according to [24])
  8. MBT Mentalization-Based Treatment [9]
  9. SCM Structural Clinical Management (Bateman, A., Fonagy, P., Bolton, R., & Karas, E: Structured clinical management for borderline personality disorder, unpublished)
  10. SFT Schema-Focused Therapy [4, 66]
  11. SPT Supportive Psychodynamic Therapy [3, 52]
  12. TFP Transference-Focused Psychotherapy [17]