Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Distribution of the study variables (n = 772)

From: Friendship networks and psychological well-being from late adolescence to young adulthood: a gender-specific structural equation modeling approach

  Males (n = 393) Females (n = 379) Comparison males-females a
  Min Max Mean St. dev. Min Max Mean St. dev. Mean diff. T-test
Time 1
Friendship network quality 2.0 5.0 4.34 .53 2.8 5.0 4.34 .48 .00 n.s.
Tense 1.0 5.0 4.09 .96 1.0 5.0 3.64 1.09 .44 ***
Sad 1.0 5.0 4.40 .88 1.0 5.0 3.91 1.07 .49 ***
Energy 1.0 5.0 3.99 .89 1.0 5.0 3.90 .83 .09 n.s.
Happy 1.0 5.0 4.41 .73 1.0 5.0 4.37 .78 .05 n.s.
Pleased 1.0 5.0 4.17 .83 1.0 5.0 3.85 .91 .32 ***
Grouchy 1.0 5.0 4.11 .82 1.0 5.0 3.96 .87 .15 *
Time 2           
Friendship network quality 3.0 5.0 4.38 .49 3.2 5.0 4.41 .43 -.03 n.s.
Tense 1.0 5.0 3.93 1.08 1.0 5.0 3.65 1.15 .28 ***
Sad 1.0 5.0 4.24 .98 1.0 5.0 3.88 1.07 .37 ***
Energy 1.0 5.0 3.92 .99 1.0 5.0 3.92 .92 .00 n.s.
Happy 1.0 5.0 4.38 .76 1.0 5.0 4.41 .78 -.03 n.s.
Pleased 1.0 5.0 4.09 .84 1.0 5.0 3.89 .99 .19 **
Grouchy 1.0 5.0 4.11 .92 1.0 5.0 4.16 .87 -.05 n.s.
Comparison T2-T1 b
  Mean diff. T-test Mean diff. T-test   
Friendship network quality .03 n.s. .07 *   
Tense -.16 ** .00 n.s.   
Sad -.15 ** -.04 n.s.   
Energy -.07 n.s. .02 n.s.   
Happy -.03 n.s. .05 n.s.   
Pleased -.08 -.04 n.s.   
Grouchy -.00 n.s. .20 ***   
  1. Note: higher values indicate better friendship network quality and psychological well-being (items ‘Tense’, ‘Sad’, and ‘Grouchy’ are reversed)
  2. a A positive difference value reflects that males are better off compared to females, whereas a negative difference value suggests the opposite
  3. b A positive difference value indicates an improvement over time, whereas a negative difference value reflects the opposite
  4. *** p <.001, ** p <.01, * p <.05, p <.10