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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of Chinese and Non-Chinese participants

From: The mental-attention Tai Chi effect with older adults

Demographics All number (%) Chinese number (%) Non-Chinese number (%) p-value
Gender  Male  Female 10 (15.6) 54 (84.4) 3 (8.6) 32 (91.4) 7 (24.1) 22 (75.9) .088
Age  50–64  65–74  75+ 27 (42.2) 26 (40.6) 11 (17.2) 20 (57.1) 13 (37.1) 2 (5.7) 7 (24.1) 13 (44.8) 9 (31.0) .006
Education  Illiterate  Primary  Junior/Senior High  University 2 (3.3) 21 (34.4) 28 (45.9) 10 (16.4) 2 (5.9) 14 (41.2) 17 (50.0) 1 (2.9) 0 (0) 7 (25.9) 11 (40.7) 9 (33.3) .010
Income   < 14,000  14,000–30,000   > 30,000 34 (59.6) 16 (28.1) 7 (12.3) 25 (75.8) 5 (15.2) 3 (9.1) 9 (37.5) 11 (45.8) 4 (16.7) .013
Marital Status  Unmarried/Widowed/Divorced  Married/Living with partner 26 (42.6) 35 (57.4) 11 (33.3) 22 (66.7) 15 (53.5) 13 (46.4) .111
Previous Tai Chi participation (at least one year)  Yes  No 22 (34.4) 42 (65.6) 18 (51.4) 17 (48.6) 4 (13.8) 25 (86.2) .003
Physical activity per week  At least once or twice  Rarely or never 46 (74.2) 16 (25.8) 23 (67.6) 11 (32.4) 23 (82.1) 5 (17.9) .088
Intensity of physical activity  Intense/Moderate effort  Light effort 50 (80.6) 12 (19.4) 26 (76.5) 8 (23.5) 24 (82.7) 4 (14.3) .357
  1. p-value: between-subject p-value for Chinese versus Non-Chinese