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Table 3 Prevalence ratios (Crude and Adjusted) of tobacco consumption (TC) in migrant population by age of migration and time of residence

From: Tobacco consumption and positive mental health: an epidemiological study from a positive psychology perspective

  Lifetime TC Recent TC
  PMH (Crude) PMH (Adjusted) PMH (Crude) PMH (Adjusted)
  N PRa (CI-95 %)b p* N PRa (CI-95 %)b p* N PRa (CI-95 %)b p* N PRa (CI-95 %)b p*
Age of migration                 
 0-12 years 163 1.1 (1.0-1.1) 0.04 154 1.0 (0.98-1.1) 0.23 165 1.2 (0.98-1.5) 0.08 ** ** ** **
 12-20 years 253 1.0 (0.99-1.1) 0.18 240 0.99 (0.95-1.0) 0.61 258 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 0.01 245 1.1 (0.95-1.3) 0.19
 20 or more years 56 1.0 (0.93-1.2) 0.59 50 1.0 (0.85-1.2) 0.95 56 1.2 (0.86-1.8) 0.26 50 1.7 (0.62-4.7) 0.30
Time of residence                 
 0-20 years 48 1.1 (0.98-1.3) 0.11 47 1.0 (0.90-1.2 0.61 50 1.7 (1.1-2.7) 0.03 49 0.88 (0.46-1.7) 0.69
 20-40 years 334 1.0 (1.0-1.1) 0.03 318 1.0 (0.96-1.0) 0.88 339 1.1 (0.97-1.2) 0.15 323 1.0 (0.90-1.2) 0.76
 40 or more years 89 1.0 (0.95-1.1) 0.85 79 0.98 (0.91-1.1) 0.56 89 1.9 (1.4-2.5) <0.001 79 2.1 (1.5-2.9) <0.001
  1. aCrude prevalence ratio (PR) has been obtained by a simple log-poisson robust regression model. Adjusted prevalence ratio (PR) has been obtained by the same log-poisson robust regression model, but adjusted by sex, age, education and income. bConfidence Intervals 95 %. *Wald test. **Model does not converge
  2. PMH: Positive Mental Health Lifetime TC: Have you ever smoked a cigarette? Recent TC: Are you currently smoker? or Have you smoked in the last six months?
  3. Source: PERU MIGRANT Study dataset