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Table 2 Prevalence ratios (Crude and Adjusted) of tobacco consumption (TC) by rural, migrant and urban groups

From: Tobacco consumption and positive mental health: an epidemiological study from a positive psychology perspective

  Lifetime TC Recent TC
  PMH (Crude) PMH (Adjusted) PMH (Crude) PMH (Adjusted)
  N PRa (CI-95 %)b p* N PRa (CI-95 %)b p* N PRa (CI-95 %)b p* N PRa (CI-95 %)b p*
Rural (N = 201) 98 0.96 (0.91-1.0) 0.12 156 0.93 (0.87-0.99) 0.02 198 0.99 (0.89-1.1) 0.77 156 0.94 (0.83-1.1) 0.33
Migrant (N = 589) 476 1.0 (1.0-1.1) 0.01 448 1.0 (0.97-1.0) 0.96 483 1.2 (1.1-1.4) <0.01 455 1.1 (1.0-1.3) 0.06
Urban (N = 199) 161 0.99 (0.95-1.0) 0.74 155 0.96 (0.92-1.0) 0.07 163 1.1 (0.90-1.2) 0.54 157 0.98 (0.85-1.1) 0.75
  1. aCrude prevalence ratio (PR) has been obtained by a simple log-poisson robust regression model. Adjusted prevalence ratio (PR) has been obtained by the same log-poisson robust regression model, but adjusted by sex, age, education and income. bConfidence Intervals 95 %. *Wald test
  2. PMH Positive Mental Health Lifetime TC: Have you ever smoked a cigarette? Recent TC: Are you currently smoker? or Have you smoked in the last six months?
  3. Source: PERU MIGRANT Study dataset