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Table 3 Psychological well-being according to group types and characteristics (n = 160)

From: Participation in rural community groups and links with psychological well-being and resilience: a cross-sectional community-based study

    Univariablea Multivariablea
M SD β p β p
Group type     0.06   0.38
 Socialb 26.9 3.2   
 Task-focused 28.4 3.6 0.17   0.08  
 Both social and task-focused 27.3 3.0 0.06   0.05  
 Neither 25.6 5.1 −0.11   −0.11  
Formally organized     0.19  
 Yesb 27.1 3.9   
 No 26.0 3.8 −0.11   
Hierarchical     0.07   0.04
 Yesb 26.0 3.2   
 No 27.5 4.1 0.16   0.19*  
Has strict rules     0.14   0.52
 Yesb 27.5 3.7   
 No 26.6 3.9 −0.12   −0.06  
Relatively relaxed/casual     0.17  
 Yesb 27.3 3.2   
 No 26.3 4.7 −0.12   
Has a leader     0.71  
 Yesb 27.0 3.8   
 No 26.6 4.2 −0.03   
Group members have clearly defined roles     0.12   0.46
 Yesb 27.3 2.9   
 No 26.6 4.5 −0.13   −0.07  
People in the group are similar to one another     0.65  
 Agreeb 27.2 3.9   
 Do not agree 26.7 3.9 −0.04   
Participants’ influence within the group     0.02   0.08
 Little or noneb 25.6 3.6   
 Some or a lot 27.5 3.9 0.21*   0.16  
Number of group members     0.44  
 0–19b 27.0 3.5   
 20–49 27.5 3.2 0.03   
 50+ 26.6 4.7 −0.10   
Length of time the group has existed     0.72  
 Less than 5 yearsb 26.2 3.1   
 Between 5 and 20 years 26.9 3.6 0.07   
 More than 20 years 27.2 4.1 0.11   
How often the group gains new members     0.10   0.60
 Rarely or neverb 25.8 3.6   
 Occasionally 26.8 4.1 −0.03   −0.08  
 Often 28.0 3.4 0.17   0.02  
How often group meets     0.81  
 One or more times a weekb 27.2 4.4   
 Fortnightly or monthly 26.8 2.7 −0.02   
  1. Results are from univariable linear regressions conducted for each group type and characteristic variable and a single multivariable linear regression involving those variables that were associated with scores on the SWEMWBS at p < 0.15 in the univariable regressions. Categories that significantly differ from the reference category are indicated by asterisks. aAdjusted for all demographic variables. bReference category. *p < 0.05