Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: The moderating role of personality traits in the relationship between work and salivary cortisol: a cross-sectional study of 401 employees in 34 Canadian companies

  Min–Max Mean/proportion Standard deviation
STRESS RESPONSE    
    Cortisol 0.00–4.07 0.18 0.22
WORK    
    Skill utilization 6–24 18.27 3.04
    Decision authority 3–12 8.81 1.84
    Psychological demands 13–36 23.27 3.77
    Physical demands 1–4 1.77 0.85
    Number of hours worked 17–65 39.22 5.10
    Work schedule (irregular) 1–4 1.45 0.65
    Social support from coworkers 6–16 12.76 1.93
    Social support from supervisor 4–16 12.45 2.42
    Job insecurity 2–8 3.77 1.28
PERSONALITY    
    Self–esteem 9–24 19.80 3.12
    Locus of control 3–28 20.00 4.20
    Extraversion 4–20 12.98 3.31
    Agreeableness 4–20 15.91 2.44
    Neuroticism 4–18 10.28 2.80
    Conscientiousness 4–20 15.18 2.48
    Openness 7–20 14.48 2.78
CONTROL VARIABLES    
    Sex (female) 0–1 0.55  
    Age 19–65 41.40 10.51
    Education level 1–10 5.20 2.16
    Household income 1–12 7.50 3.26
    Social support outside workplace 0–1 0.82  
    Stressful life events (childhood) 0–6 1.09 1.22
    Marital status (living as couple) 0–1 0.74  
    Parental status (present) 0–4 0.89 1.04
    Marital stress 0–4 0.48 0.88
    Parental stress 0–3 0.21 0.56
    Tobacco use 0–25 1.09 3.82
    Body mass index 17.13–68.25 29.86 6.94
    Alcohol consumption 0–42 4.45 5.44
    Psychotropic drug use 0–1 0.10  
    Chronic health problems 0–5 1.03 1.23
    Physical activity 1–7 4.31 2.00
    Season–Winter   0.21  
    Season–Spring   0.46  
    Season–Summer   0.11  
    Season–Autumn   0.23  
    Awakening time 2–12.47 6.86 1.51